Domestic Activities

Some important domestic regulations and actions to reduce the emissions of short lived climate pollutants:

  • Tax on import and production of HFCs introduced in 2003 and refund scheme in 2004, which prescribes a similar refund when gas is destroyed.
  • Legislation has been introduced to ban certain uses of HFCs and enforces strict rules to prevent emissions from the use of HFCs in products. .
  • Petroleum companies may not flare more gas than absolutely necessary to ensure normal operation. Governmental approvals have to be given under both the Pollution Control Act and the Petroleum Act.
  • Regulations under the Pollution Control Act on waste treatment, including prohibition of depositing biodegradable waste and requirements to extract landfill gas.
  • Tax on the final treatment of waste.
  • Government support for biogas projects through Enova and Innovation Norway.
  • Economic incentives and national legislation under Pollution Control and Product Control Acts regulating emissions from the ozone precursors (NOx and VOC) have been implemented to fulfill the emission target obligations under the Gothenburg Protocol. These are aimed at reducing emissions from petroleum, industry, energy production and transport sectors.

Emission inventories and action plan to cut Norwegian emissions from short-lived climate forcers:

The Norwegian Ministry of the Environment has mandated The Climate and Pollution Agency to develop a National Action Plan for reducing emissions of short-lived climate forcers (SLCF). The Action Plan will include recommendations for measures and instruments for cutting SLCF emissions up to 2030, and is expected to be presented in June 2013. In preparing the basis for the National Action Plan, The Climate and Pollution Directorate has further been requested to develop a separate emission inventory for Black Carbon in Norway, including measurement of emissions from the anticipated largest source, wood burning in residential stoves. The inventory is expected to be presented in February 2013.

International Activities

Work under Arctic Council (AC):

The work on climate change and short lived climate forcers is a high priority area for Norway under the AC. Norway is co-chairing a Task Force to identify existing and new measures to reduce emissions of these forcers and recommend further immediate actions. Norway is also co-leading a project on Black Carbon Reduction from Residential Wood Stoves under the AC.

Work under the Nordic Council of Ministers:

Under Norwegian Chairmanship the Nordic Ministers of Environment in March 2012 launched the Svalbard Declaration on Short Lived Climate Forcers. The declaration says i. a. that the Nordic countries will:

  • further develop and strengthen national emissions accounts for SLCFs, alongside separate accounts for black carbon
  • identify cost-effective initiatives to reduce emissions and evaluate the need for national action plans for emission reductions
  • evaluate the need to draw up a Nordic action plan, based on the proposed national plans, which will help ensure that initiatives are implemented effectively and that the Nordic countries optimise the use of the available instruments.

In the declaration the Environment Ministers further agreed to strengthen their efforts to reduce emissions of SLCFs on national, regional and global level.

Work under the Climate and Clean Air Coalition and other international initiatives:

Norway joined the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) in April 2012, and   contributed with 12 million NOK to the Coalition in its first year. Norway has in this period had a special focus on the Oil and Gas Initiative.

Norway is also a part of other international initiatives aiming at reduction in SLCF-emissions, including the Global Methane Initiative (GMI) and the Global Gas Flaring Reduction (GGFR).

The Convention on Long Range air Pollution (The LRTAP Convention):

Norway is a Party to the Gothenburg Protocol under the UN-ECE Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution. In May 2012 the Parties adopted a revised Gothenburg Protocol with new emission reduction commitments for PM2.5 of which black carbon is a fraction. Parties are encouraged to target sources known to emit high amounts of black carbon while meeting the emission reduction target for PM, and encouraged to develop an emission inventory for Black Carbon.

International Maritime Organisation (IMO):

Norway has together with Sweden and the United States initiated work in the IMO to develop measures to reduce the impact on the Arctic of emissions of Black Carbon from international shipping.

Bilateral Cooperation

Norway is financing and contributing with experts in bilateral cooperation with Russia in order to reduce black carbon from coal and/or heavy oil fired power stations in the Barents Region.

See video about Norway's work on SLCPs: https://www.youtube.com/4pDfMp1ZZaw

Address

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