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Black carbon is a byproduct of poor or incomplete combustion and is estimated to contribute the equivalent of 25 to 50% of carbon dioxide warming globally. It also has local climatic effects. In South Asia, for example, black carbon disrupts annual monsoons and accelerates the melting of the Himalayan-Tibetan glaciers, threatening water availability and food security for millions of people. These problems are compounded by crop damage from ozone partly produced by cookstove emissions, and from surface dimming that results as airborne black carbon intercepts sunlight.
Since the atmospheric lifetime of black carbon is only a few days, reducing black carbon emissions can bring about a rapid climate response in a short amount of time. Their reduction also produces multiple benefits in areas close to emission sources. Replacing traditional cookstoves more efficient ones can have a significant impact. Modern cookstoves emit less greenhouse gases and also reduce fuel use by 30-60% and black carbon emissions by 50-90%.
Improving domestic heating that uses solid fuel burning (primarily wood and coal) in both developed and developing countries is another way to reduce black carbon. Although smaller in gross terms compared to domestic cooking, heating emissions tend to occur quite close to cryosphere (snow and ice) regions. This intensifies the regional climate impacts as black carbon soot falling on white ice and snow decreases their reflectivity and contributes significantly to melting of land glaciers and sea ice. In addition, heating emissions are one of the few sources that is projected to increase globally, as more households turn to burning wood for warmth.
The household cooking and heating sector represents one of the best opportunities for the Coalition to affect quick and significant measures to reduce SLCPs and meet the climate goals of the global community while achieving other health, gender, environmental, and development benefits.
The initiative aims to speed up reductions in SLCP emissions through high-level advocacy, support for new finance mechanisms, new research, and development of standards and testing protocols to provide clear criteria for evaluating emissions reductions for improved cookstoves, heatstoves and fuels.
The Gold Standard Foundation, with funding from the CCAC, has completed a market assessment to identify potential institutions willing to pay for climate, health and gender impacts of clean cooking projects.
The Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, under the initiative, has provided recommendations for standards and labels for cookstoves in Ghana and Uganda and is developing standards and labelling implementation strategies in Guatemala, Kenya, and Nigeria. A first of its kind Consumer Study on labelling in Ghana was conducted and will be used to guide Ghanaian policymakers on how to design a cookstove label that’s effective in conveying relevant performance information to consumers, so that they can make more-informed purchase decisions.
The International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI) has published the first testing protocol for black carbon emissions from wood fuelled heat stoves. Called the Protocol for Measuring Emissions of Black Carbon and Organic Carbon from Residential Wood Burning, it has been beta-tested in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and the Czech Republic.
This document presents results from the Climate & Clean Air Coalition’s Household Energy Initiative reported between July 2016 and June 2017. These results were recorded using the...
This report is an overview of the Coalition's progress from 2016 to 2017 and, because it is our 5th anniversary, includes information on the status of short-lived climate pollutant emissions,...
Lead Partner: A Coalition partner with an active role in coordinating, monitoring and guiding the work of an initiative.
Implementer: A Coalition partner or actor receiving Coalition funds to implement an activity or initiative.
Este documento tiene como propósito, mediante la implementación de las acciones y actividades propuestas, promover una adecuada difusión y adopción de las cocinas mejoradas a nivel nacional en...
The purpose of this document is to promote an appropriate dissemination and adoption of improved cookstoves at national level in Latin America and the Caribbean, through the implementation of the...
This report was prepared by Microsol on behalf of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) in coordination with CCAC representatives in Colombia, Mexico and Peru. Various players that promote...
Improved cookstoves are key technologies to initiate the transition to cleaner and more efficient fuels within the energy scale. To that end families will have to change certain habits....
Approximately 3 billion people, most of whom live in Asia, Africa, and the Americas, rely on solid fuels (i.e. wood, crop wastes, dung, charcoal) and kerosene for their cooking needs. Exposure to...
BreatheLife webinar presentations: Financing access to LPG - Programs that improve LPG service and access in Ghana, Kenya and Haiti
This webinar features ongoing initiatives to improve LPG consumer financing for low-income communities in Kenya, Peru's government program to encourage LPG use amongst poor populations, and...