While many countries want to use crop residue to generate bio-energy, FAO analysis shows that these efforts often fail due to insufficient infrastructure for residue collection, transport and storage. For this reason, our work involves identifying where and how much crop residue is burnt in Punjab and determining the required logistics to collect residue within the very narrow three-week window available post-harvest.
Quantifying how much residue is burnt in the field is challenging. Knowing this would help identify which crop residue supply chains have development potential. The lack of a crop residue logistical value chain is a critical bottleneck that results in this valuable resource being burned.
The project is also supporting efforts to estimate which bioenergy technologies are economically and environmentally feasible to produce renewable energy from available crop residue.
This work will support achieving the Punjab Government's target to produce 600 megawatts of power from biomass, including from agricultural residue by 2022 and the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy's programme to produce energy from urban and industrial waste and agricultural residue launched in 2018.