This study evaluates the potential for improving milk production while reducing enteric methane emission intensity from dairy production in Bangladesh. The overall objective of this...
At the national level, emission intensity (the greenhouse emissions per kg of Fat Protein Corrected Milk (FPCM) produced) is higher in subsistence dairy systems (12 kg CO2-eq / kg FPCM) than in commercial systems (4.8 kg CO2-eq / kg FPCM).
Key drivers of the low productivity and corresponding high emission intensity in Bangladesh’s dairy cattle sector are poor animal nutrition, animal health, genetics, and environmental constraints such as heat stress. The strong correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and milk productivity points to an opportunity for meeting food and nutrition security needs and reducing methane emissions.
The Bangladesh Government has developed several high-level policy initiatives – including Vision 2021 and the related Perspective Plan – setting out economic development objectives. The Vision outlines strategic objectives like universal food security, which means the country needs to be self-sufficient in food production and equitably distribute nutritious food. Achieving food security is also a key objective of the country’s poverty reduction strategy and is the highest risk factor in Bangladesh’s Climate Change Action Plan.
Climate change is expected to severely challenge the country’s ability to achieve its desired rates of economic growth and its food security goals. Bangladesh is a recognized leader in planning for adaptation and has developed a Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan. The country wants to implement mitigation activities that contribute its development goals and include adaptation and sustainable development co-benefits.