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This scoping study commissioned by Climate and Clean Air initiative aimed to discover lessons learned and explore entry points for cooperation with other projects in the country. The study was conducted in 82 revenue villages from 17 districts in four provinces. In total 168 farmers were randomly selected for interviews. This sample included 44% farmers contracted by different rice export companies (mainly Punjab and Sindh). Around forty stakeholder institutions and key informant experts were also interviewed.
The stakeholders confirmed that the overall interest and governance regime and actors’ engagement on climate change and water sector strategies has generally improved in Pakistan. However, currently climate change mitigation is not a priority within agriculture sector of the country. There is a strong narrative on adaptation to climate change or resilient agriculture systems, but not in a systemic way. Research on evidence on low or high emission processes is lacking. There are no clear actors on mitigation within the agriculture sector. Capacities on climate smart agriculture are limited. Farmers and agriculture services are occupied with production and trade issues but are increasingly aware of increasing demands for standards on agricultural products in the face of global obligations towards changing climate.