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Abstract - Ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured intensively using an online gas chromatography–mass spectrometry/flame ionization detector (GC–MS/FID) at Ziyang in the Chengdu–Chongqing Region (CCR) from 6 December 2012 to 4 January 2013. Alkanes contributed the most (59%) to mixing ratios of measured non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), while aromatics contributed the least (7%). Methanol was the most abundant oxygenated VOC (OVOC), contributing 42% to the total amount of OVOCs. Significantly elevated VOC levels occurred during three pollution events, but the chemical composition of VOCs did not differ between polluted and clean days. The OH loss rates of VOCs were calculated to estimate their chemical reactivity. Alkenes played a predominant role in VOC reactivity, among which ethylene and propene were the largest contributors; the contributions of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were also considerable. Biomass
burning had a significant influence on ambient VOCs during our study. We chose acetonitrile as a tracer and used enhancement ratio to estimate the contribution of biomass burning to ambient VOCs. Biomass burning contributed 9.4%–36.8% to the mixing ratios of selected VOC species, and contributed most (>30% each) to aromatics, formaldehyde, and acetaldehyde.
Li, L., Y. Chen, L. Zeng, M. Shao, S. Xie, W. Chen, S. Lu, Y. Wu, & W. Cao (2014) Biomass burning contribution to ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the Chengdu–Chongqing Region (CCR), China, ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT 99:403-410.