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The Republic of Moldova has been a partner of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) since 2016 and has leveraged the partnership to raise the ambitions of its international climate targets and green its on-road transportation.
In 2018, Moldova adopted the Programme on the Promotion of Green Economy for 2018-20 which focused on reducing air pollution by targeting solutions in specific sectors, such as sustainable transport, green construction, and energy efficiency. The National Development Strategy “Moldova 2030” was also adopted in 2018 and provides a strategic vision related to four pillars: Sustainable and inclusive economy; strong human and social capital; fair and efficient institutions; and a healthy environment.
Through the support of the CCAC’s Global Sulfur Strategy, Moldova has become a global leader in upgrading both its fuels and its vehicles. This strategy paves the way for Moldova to help achieve considerable reductions in fine particle emissions and black carbon from roads globally set out in the Strategy.
In 2019, Moldova adopted a fuel quality law that will soon eliminate toxic exhaust fumes from the country, a ground-breaking achievement given that Moldova did not previously have an air quality law. This law puts Moldova’s fuel specifications on part with the European Union (EU) fuel quality directive 98/70/EC.
“Previous to this measure, we had no regulation on fuel quality, and had therefore been importing fuel of a range of different qualities from non-EU countries. Some of this was very low grade. When offered, higher quality fuels had to compete with lower quality fuel on the basis of price,” explains Stela Drucioc, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition’s focal point at the Moldovan government’s Ministry of Environment. “The Coalition and UNEP played a really big role as catalyst in the speedy achievement of results.”
In 2018, Moldova completed the Fuel Economy Database on newly registered vehicles with the help of the Coalition’s Heavy-Duty Vehicles Initiative. This gave the country a baseline for auto fuel consumption and emissions from its incoming fleet. “Developing a more complete picture of the fuel quality and vehicle emissions situation in Moldova is key for planning future policy and projecting both CO2 and non-CO2 emissions reductions. Moldova’s steps in adopting cleaner, more efficient vehicles will allow consumers to choose and access the best technology available on the market – including electric vehicles”, explains Elisa Dumitrescu, Programme Advisor at UNEP, which supported the project.
Along with eight other countries, Moldova joined the Breathe Life campaign in 2019 after approving fuel quality standards for petrol and diesel to match those of the European Union and adopting vehicle standards. Moldova also performs regular air pollutant inventory and reports to the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP).
Heavy Duty Vehicles