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Since joining the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) in 2014, Mongolia has actively sought to reduce short-lived climate pollutants through CCAC initiatives and other international efforts. Within its borders, the Mongolian government has identified air quality as a key development priority and is working to reduce emissions from coal-fired heating and cooking stoves.
Mongolia has received funding and technical support through the CCAC’s national planning initiative to identify ways to integrate short-lived climate pollutant mitigation activities into existing policies. In 2017, the country joined the BreatheLife campaign, committing to bring air quality in its cities to safe levels by 2030.
In 2019, Mongolia updated its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), which commits to a 22.7% reduction in greenhouse gases by 2030. Achieving this target would result in an estimated 12% reduction of black carbon emissions and a 23% reduction of methane emissions. In 2020, the President of Mongolia announced that a 27.2% reduction of greenhouse gases could be achieved provided that rigorous conditional measures, such as waste-to-energy programs, were put in place.
The National Action Programme on Climate Change is the central document guiding Mongolia’s climate change planning, highlighting mitigation actions across multiple sectors. Its second phase (2017-2021) will see the implementation of adaptation and mitigation measures. The program aligns with Mongolia’s long-term Sustainable Development Vision, launched in 2016. The Sustainable Development Vision report highlighted the goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions across its sectors to improve air pollution.
Mongolia has been a leader in reducing HFC emissions and protecting the ozone layer. The National Ozone Authority (NOA) in the Ministry of Environment and Tourism is dedicated to implementing measures to reduce ozone-depleting substances. Mongolia is also undergoing an HCFC Phaseout Management Plan (HPMP), which aims to achieve a 97.5% reduction from baseline by 2030.
As air quality is an important part of Mongolia’s national priorities, several strategies have been created to address this. The 2012 Law on Air Quality is a key piece of legislation that outlines measures to protect ambient air quality, such as conducting greenhouse gas inventories. The Government also issued a ban on raw coal in 2019 under Resolution No. 62 and enabled subsidies for refined coal briquettes to reduce PM2.5 levels across Ulaanbaatar. Specialized branches in national and municipal government, including such as the National Committee on Air Pollution Reduction in 2012 and the Ulaanbaatar City Air Quality Office, have been established to advance the clean air agenda.
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Sustainable Development Goals
Case Study: Opportunities from taking integrated actions on air pollution and climate change in Mongolia
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