This study evaluates the potential for improving milk production while reducing enteric methane emission intensity from dairy production in Kenya. The overall objective of this study is to support...
As countries increase their ambitions to achieve the Paris Agreement, it is essential to investigate how the livestock sector can reduce emissions under different temperature scenarios. This can enhance climate transparency, help countries improve their mitigation targets and facilitate the flow of financial and technological resources for the livestock sector, thus enabling farmers to contribute to climate action.
Kenya is Africa’s second largest milk producer, with about 4.6 million dairy cattle. Kenya’s dairy sector contributes about 14 percent of agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) and 3.5 percent of total GDP. Most of the milk is produced on smallholder farms, and milk sales contribute significantly to farmers’ incomes, food security and nutrition, and provides employment in the formal and informal dairy sectors. However, dairy cattle contributes about 8% of national greenhouse gas emissions, which continues to increase as the number of cattle grow.
In its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC), Kenya put forth adaptation and mitigation actions to tackle its growing emissions and contribute to global efforts to limit temperature rise to 2 degrees. These mitigation actions will play a key role in realizing the transition to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy.