Mongolia - National Planning on short-lived climate pollutants

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Ongoing
started:
2018

Mongolia is one of over 20 countries receiving support on SLCPs and integrated air pollution and climate change planning as part of the Coalition’s SNAP initiative. The support provided has included more accurate estimations of greenhouse gas emissions and SLCPs, as well as an analysis of mitigation options and contributions to a revised Nationally Determined Contribution.

The landlocked country of Mongolia is increasingly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including increasing temperatures, and changing rain patterns. At the same time, the population of over 3 million people is at risk to air pollution levels which exceed World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, particularly those living in urban areas. In 2017, air pollution in the country’s capital city of Ulaanbaatar was found to be 7.5 times higher than the safe limit, leading the National Security Council of Mongolia to declare that air pollution had reached disaster levels, derived sources including the household energy, transportation, coal, and wastes sectors. These conditions are expected to worsen with projected population and economic growth. 

Despite their small contribution to global emissions, Mongolia is taking ambitious action to address these two challenges simultaneously in view of their development imperatives. In 2019, the Government of Mongolia approved its revised Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) which committed to reducing GHG emissions by 22.7% in 2030 compared to a business as usual scenario. This commitment is expected to lead to reduction of key air pollutants and short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) including black carbon emissions by 12% and methane by 23%. The Ministry of Environment and Tourism continues to work with the SNAP initiative to develop integrated GHG, SLCP and air pollution inventories to generate scenarios for national mitigation measures.

Objectives

The objectives of the support provided by the SNAP Initiative was to provide technical assistance and funding for the Mongolia to undertake a national planning process on short-lived climate pollutants, and implement resulting mitigation measures, specifically: 
 

  • Strengthen coordination and action on short-lived climate pollutants 
  • Identify major emission sources, their likely evolution and mitigation potential 
  • Assess the co-benefits of action 
  • Prioritise the most relevant measures at national scale 
  • Identify ways to promote and implement these mitigation measures 
  • Incorporate short-lived climate pollutants into existing plans and activities where they are not currently considered 
  • Support the implementation of priority measures and track progress

What we're doing

Phase I – National SLCP Planning 

In 2018, the Climate Change and International Cooperation Department of the Ministry of Environment and Tourism of Mongolia expressed interest in taking part of the SNAP initiative to strengthen technical and human capacity to take action on SLCPs. As a result, a project was developed in 2019 with the objective to make more accurate estimations of greenhouse gas emissions and SLCPs, as well as to analyse mitigation options and contribute to a revised Nationally Determined Contribution. This project was launched at a national workshop in Ulaanbaatar in June 2019, and presented to relevant stakeholders. 

LEAP-IBC workshop in Mongolia
LEAP-IBC workshop in Mongolia

To begin the project, three national consultants were recruited to use the LEAP tool to conduct integrated GHG, SLCP and air pollution analysis, providing the technical capacity necessary for analysing mitigation options. Mitigation scenarios were developed for each of the measures within the revised NDC, as were evaluations of GHG emission reductions and co-benefits for reducing SLCP and air pollutant emissions. Through this work, it was estimated that full implementation of measures within the revised NDC would reduce GHG emissions by 22.7% by 2030 compared to a business as usual scenario, while also reducing key air pollutants and short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) including black carbon emissions by 12% and methane by 23%. These findings were presented at a workshop in November of 2019, coinciding with Mongolia’s second NDC Forum at which the NDC was presented. 

As a result of the analysis undertaken, a report was developed reflecting the findings of LEAP-IBC analysis in January of 2020 which was entitled, “Opportunities from Taking Integrated Actions on Air Pollution and Climate Change in Mongolia.” Mongolia continues to work with SEI and the SNAP Initiative of the CCAC Secretariat to build internal capacity within the Ministry of Environment and Tourism to integrate SLCPs into climate change mitigation assessments. The following activities are being pursued: 
   

  • Define linkage to other climate change planning processes and projects 
  • Review existing analysis for GHG inventory and NDC mitigation assessment 
  • Develop long-term projection for key source sectors in Mongolia for reference and mitigation scenario 
  • Develop cost-benefit assessment for key GHG and air pollution emission reductions 
  • Capacity Building workshops for MET and other key stakeholders 
  • Reporting and dissemination of results

Who's involved

Lead Partner: A Coalition partner with an active role in coordinating, monitoring and guiding the work of an initiative.

Implementer: A Coalition partner or actor receiving Coalition funds to implement an activity or initiative.

Partners (2)

Partners (2)

Resources & tools

Activity contact

Denise San Valentin,
Initiatives Coordinator/Programme Manager
denise.sanvalentin [at] un.org

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