The sustainable development of Mongolia faces numerous challenges and risks associated with the adverse impacts of climate change on natural ecosystems and socio-economic sectors. Mongolia also...
Phase I – National SLCP Planning
In 2018, the Climate Change and International Cooperation Department of the Ministry of Environment and Tourism of Mongolia expressed interest in taking part of the SNAP initiative to strengthen technical and human capacity to take action on SLCPs. As a result, a project was developed in 2019 with the objective to make more accurate estimations of greenhouse gas emissions and SLCPs, as well as to analyse mitigation options and contribute to a revised Nationally Determined Contribution. This project was launched at a national workshop in Ulaanbaatar in June 2019, and presented to relevant stakeholders.
To begin the project, three national consultants were recruited to use the LEAP tool to conduct integrated GHG, SLCP and air pollution analysis, providing the technical capacity necessary for analysing mitigation options. Mitigation scenarios were developed for each of the measures within the revised NDC, as were evaluations of GHG emission reductions and co-benefits for reducing SLCP and air pollutant emissions. Through this work, it was estimated that full implementation of measures within the revised NDC would reduce GHG emissions by 22.7% by 2030 compared to a business as usual scenario, while also reducing key air pollutants and short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) including black carbon emissions by 12% and methane by 23%. These findings were presented at a workshop in November of 2019, coinciding with Mongolia’s second NDC Forum at which the NDC was presented.
As a result of the analysis undertaken, a report was developed reflecting the findings of LEAP-IBC analysis in January of 2020 which was entitled, “Opportunities from Taking Integrated Actions on Air Pollution and Climate Change in Mongolia.” Mongolia continues to work with SEI and the SNAP Initiative of the CCAC Secretariat to build internal capacity within the Ministry of Environment and Tourism to integrate SLCPs into climate change mitigation assessments. The following activities are being pursued:
- Define linkage to other climate change planning processes and projects
- Review existing analysis for GHG inventory and NDC mitigation assessment
- Develop long-term projection for key source sectors in Mongolia for reference and mitigation scenario
- Develop cost-benefit assessment for key GHG and air pollution emission reductions
- Capacity Building workshops for MET and other key stakeholders
- Reporting and dissemination of results