The HEART Assessment is conducted in two major steps:
- First, the stakeholders that are engaged in the household energy, air pollution, and related health sectors are mapped. During this stage, information regarding the scope of work of these stakeholders, their responsibilities and perceptions, mechanisms for coordination, and any gaps are gathered. This mapping can help identify windows of opportunity and partners for potential future involvement to accomplish DR Congo's Sustainable Energy Action Plan’s target to achieve universal access to clean and modern fuels by 2030.
- Second, a rapid situational assessment of current household energy use (particularly for cooking, heating, and lighting), the extent of household air pollution and its impacts on health, and existing energy, health, or other relevant programs is conducted. This situational assessment builds a foundational understanding of what fuels and technologies are used, what standards and regulations govern their distribution and use, national energy supply and infrastructure, and plans or barriers for the expansion of clean fuels and technologies. Detailed knowledge of this information will inform and enable future clean household energy planning.