SNAP Factsheet for Peru
Phase I – Institutional Strengthening – Complete
From 2014-2016, Peru received financial and technical support through the SNAP Initiative’s Institutional Strengthening programme to recruit personnel to scale-up short-lived climate pollutant mitigation activities . The Ministry of Environment established an SLCP Unit in the Environmental Quality Department. An Advisory Committee made up of relevant sectoral Ministries was stablished to support the process of developing mitigation scenarios and identifying measures missing from other programmes or national commitments. A Technical Committee was formed to consult on emission inventories and assist in feasibility evaluations of the measures developed. This included stakeholders from ministries, NGOs, universities and research centres, private companies and international organizations.
The first national emission inventory of SLCPs was developed, and a mitigation assessment was conducted to identify, evaluate and prioritise mitigation measures that would reduce SLCPs and improve air quality while mitigating climate change. This analysis showed that the transportation sector, as well as residential biomass use, and agricultural burning were the largest source of emissions of black carbon and other air pollutants. These efforts resulted in a preliminary roadmap for embedding SLCPs into national climate change related policies, strategies, action plans and programs, including the country’s NDC.
Phase II – National SLCP Planning – Ongoing
In 2016, a SNAP project began to identify the current status of SLCP emissions in the country, including how well SLCPs are controlled in existing plans, strategies and regulatory frameworks, and what further action is needed to achieve clean air and climate benefits. A Roadmap to Reduce SLCPs was developed through an intensive consultative process and with the technical assistance of SEI and the SNAP initiative.
The roadmap identifies seven priority mitigation measures to target the major sources of black carbon in Peru: transport, residential cooking and crop residue burning. The seven mitigation measures include more stringent vehicle emissions standards, increasing the use of LPG for more efficient cooking particularly in rural areas, and reducing the amount of sugar cane that is openly burned in fields. Full implementation of the priorities included in the roadmap would reduce black carbon emissions nationally by 17% in 2030 compared to a business as usual scenario. Other pollutants would also be substantially reduced, including PM2.5 and nitrogen oxides, further increasing the benefits for air quality and human health achieved through these actions.