This protocol was developed and subsequently tested in 2012–2015 by Nordic test and research institutes, with Danish Technological Institute as project manager. This protocol describes a potential...
Many households around the world burn solid fuel for heat. This includes the use of woodstoves (primarily in OECD nations), coal stoves (primarily in Eastern Europe and some parts of Asia), and other solid fuel-burning stoves which are used for both cooking and heating in developing countries.
Recent assessments that have concluded that reducing short-lived climate pollutant emissions from solid fuel stoves would have substantial climate and health co-benefits, have not addressed the special case of stoves used for combined cooking and heating. There is also a lack of information on emissions from coal stoves used for heating, despite the coal stove sector being named as significant short-lived climate pollutant control measure by UN Environment and the WMO.
Heatstoves and combined heating and cooking stoves have the same health impacts as cooking-only stoves, but likely have a greater per-unit climate impact since they tend to be used near glaciated or snow-covered mountain regions, where deposited black carbon greatly magnifies the climate impact. They also present a special challenge, as stoves that effectively concentrate heat for efficient cooking could lose their ability to heat a house by eliminating “wasted” ambient heat.