This activity supported the improvement of the greenhouse gas inventory and mitigation analysis in three sectors and provided capacity building to national experts to sustain and improve the analysis.
Two workshops were conducted to train national, regional and city representatives on the use of the LEAP-IBC modeling tool. The first workshop, held in March 2021, provided a general introduction to LEAP modeling, taking participants through a generic LEAP training exercise. During the second workshop in June 2021, the participants were introduced how LEAP can be used to undertake integrated assessments of air pollutants, SLCPs and greenhouse gases in Mongolia.
With two national consultants, the LEAP dataset for Mongolia was enhanced to include additional sectors, specifically HFCs, update data and extend the evaluation to 2050.
The supported work resulted in recommendations and guidance on how Mongolia could update its NDC in 2025. Specifically, the recommendations show how Mongolia could update its NDC through three types of enhancement:
- Expand the greenhouse gases included in the NDC document. Specifically, how hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) can be incorporated into the greenhouse gas reduction target.
- Update data and include long-term 2050 scenarios for low emissions development
- Include SLCPs, air pollutants, and associated health benefits in the NDC. Future emission pathways were outlined for air pollutants and SLCPs as well as greenhouse gases to show how future actions on climate change could contribute to alleviating Mongolia’s substantial air pollution issues. Given the substantial impact air quality has in Mongolia, and in particular in Ulaanbaatar, the inclusion of air pollution benefits in Mongolia’s climate change planning could have substantial additional benefits beyond reduction of greenhouse gases.