Although Uganda’s greenhouse gas emissions are minimal - 0.010% of global emissions in 2012 – they have grown by 50% from 1990-2012. This increase is largely attributable to rapid economic growth, industrialization and a growing vehicle fleet.
Uganda’s emissions are expected to continue to increase as the country focuses on further industrialization of the economy in its five-year National Development Plan (NDP3).
Air pollution is also rising, especially in the capital city Kampala. According to the Air Visual’s 2018 World Air Quality Report, Kampala has the second worst air quality in Africa in terms of measured PM2.5. This not only has strong negative impacts on the health of the city’s inhabitants, but also undermines Uganda’s efforts in climate change mitigation.
Reducing black carbon emissions, especially from the industry, transport and waste sectors is expected to deliver quick results for climate, air quality and the health of Uganda’s citizens.