In endorsing this plan, Minister of Environment, Sustainable Development and the Protection of Nature, Prof. David Wonou Oladokoun acknowledged that his country pledges to contribute to the global effort to combat climate change and preserve air quality, which is beneficial for health and requires integrated action against air pollution and climate change.
The plan shows, for the first time, major sources of key air pollutants that impact human health, such as fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). These include residential cooking with biomass, charcoal production, and transport, which are also major sources of greenhouse gases.
The plan also identified sources of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs)—a group of pollutants, including black carbon, methane, tropospheric ozone and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)—that contribute to dangerous air pollution and also warm the atmosphere. The major sources also included residential cooking, as well as agriculture.
As part of its analysis the plan shows that the full implementation of Togo’s Nationally Determined Contribution would provide substantial local air pollution benefits. By delivering its climate commitment Togo would reduce black carbon emissions by 34% in 2030 compared to a baseline scenario, and PM2.5 emissions by 37%.
Additional actions that target remaining sources of air pollutant emissions, like putting in place and enforcing vehicles emission standards, more efficient charcoal production, and reducing burning of waste would improve air quality and reduce air pollution health impacts even further.