About

Since joining the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) in 2014, Mongolia has actively sought to reduce short-lived climate pollutants through CCAC initiatives and other international efforts. Within its borders, the Mongolian government has identified air quality as a key development priority and is working to reduce emissions from coal-fired heating and cooking stoves.  

Mongolia has received funding and technical support through the CCAC’s national planning initiative to identify ways to integrate short-lived climate pollutant mitigation activities into existing policies. In 2017, the country joined the BreatheLife campaign, committing to bring air quality in its cities to safe levels by 2030.  

In 2019, Mongolia updated its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC), which commits to a 22.7% reduction in greenhouse gases by 2030. Achieving this target would result in an estimated 12% reduction of black carbon emissions and a 23% reduction of methane emissions. In 2020, the President of Mongolia announced that a 27.2% reduction of greenhouse gases could be achieved provided that rigorous conditional measures, such as waste-to-energy programs, were put in place.  

The National Action Programme on Climate Change is the central document guiding Mongolia’s climate change planning, highlighting mitigation actions across multiple sectors. Its second phase (2017-2021) will see the implementation of adaptation and mitigation measures. The program aligns with Mongolia’s long-term Sustainable Development Vision, launched in 2016. The Sustainable Development Vision report highlighted the goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions across its sectors to improve air pollution. 

Mongolia has been a leader in reducing HFC emissions and protecting the ozone layer. The National Ozone Authority (NOA) in the Ministry of Environment and Tourism is dedicated to implementing measures to reduce ozone-depleting substances. Mongolia is also undergoing an HCFC Phaseout Management Plan (HPMP), which aims to achieve a 97.5% reduction from baseline by 2030. 

As air quality is an important part of Mongolia’s national priorities, several strategies have been created to address this. The 2012 Law on Air Quality is a key piece of legislation that outlines measures to protect ambient air quality, such as conducting greenhouse gas inventories. The Government also issued a ban on raw coal in 2019 under Resolution No. 62 and enabled subsidies for refined coal briquettes to reduce PM2.5 levels across Ulaanbaatar. Specialized branches in national and municipal government, including such as the National Committee on Air Pollution Reduction in 2012 and the Ulaanbaatar City Air Quality Office, have been established to advance the clean air agenda.  

CCAC activities

Activity | Health, SNAP
Ongoing
BreatheLife is a global campaign that mobilizes cities and individuals to take action on air pollution to protect our health and the planet. The campaign is led by the World Health Organization (WHO...
BreatheLife
Workstream | Heavy-Duty Vehicles
Ongoing
The Global Strategy to Introduce Low Sulfur Fuels and Cleaner Diesel Vehicles – the first global plan to reduce small particulate and black carbon emissions from cars, buses and trucks by over 90% by...
The Global Sulfur Strategy

Other activities

Waste 

  • 2017-2021 Waste and Climate Change project was funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment and implemented by the International Environment Technology Center of UN Environment targeted reducing short-lived climate pollutants in Mongolia's waste sector.  

Household Energy 

  • The Energy and Environment project was initiated and funded by the U.S. financing agency, the Millennium Challenge Corporation, to study the benefits of clean cookstoves in Ulaanbaatar between 2008-2013. The project targeted residents living in traditional portable tents that heavily relied on coal-fueled heating and cooking, and the project found significant impacts on outdoor air pollution – showing a 65% decrease of PM2.5. 
  • Mongolia bank XacBank worked together with CCAC in 2017 to bring clean heating alternatives such as electric heaters and solar technologies to families living on the outskirts of the capital city who mainly rely on coal-fired heating and cooking systems. XacBank also worked with the Green Climate Fund to provide affordable long-term loans for the residents to purchase these energy-efficient technologies or retrofit their homes to improve insulation. 

Oil and Gas 

  • The Global Methane Initiative conducted an investigation on the feasibility of coal mine methane recovery in 2013 and provided an inventory of fugitive emissions. The project also helped build capacity for decision-makers in quantifying emissions and opportunities for development. 

Sustainable Development Goals

  • The Green Passports program was launched by the Mongolian Ministry of Environment and Tourism with the support of the CCAC to incentivize youths to engage in environmental protection. The program was able to engage 50,000 students in various activities such as designing recycling bins or planting trees.  

 

Related resources

Address

Ministry of Nature, Environment and Tourism, 15160 Government building 2, UN Street 5/2, Chingeltei district
Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia
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