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The objective of the Ghana Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) is to analyze critical environmental and natural resources issues threatening sustainable economic growth and propose policy actions and investments to address them.
The report finds that air pollution is the most significant cost (equivalent to 4.2 percent of GDP) primarily due to the impacts caused by household air pollution (causing about 8,800 premature deaths), and secondarily by ambient air pollution (about 7,200 premature deaths) in rural and urban areas. Air pollution (AP) is Ghana’s number one environmental risk to public health and its sixth-ranked overall risk (out of 19) for death.3 100 percent of Ghana’s population is exposed to PM2.5 levels exceeding WHO guidelines. Recommendations to improve air quality are provided for the short-term (1-2 years); medium-term (2-5 years); and long-term (5+ years).