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Agricultural-livestock production in the countries of South America has increased strongly in the last 20 years in response to the growing demand for food. The maintenance of this productivity, as its potential future development, is at risk due to climate change, which poses the challenge of maintaining and increasing the generation of products of livestock origin in the region under increasingly adverse weather conditions. This situation is even more critical at the small producer level given the lower levels of technology and investment available in this stratum, in contrast to corporate livestock.
The incorporation of legumes in livestock systems will contribute to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in unproductive soils, in which it could also contribute to improve carbon sequestration. These strategies, by granting greater persistence to the pastures that sustain the livestock production of the consortium countries and reducing their costs of renewal and management in fertilization, will increase the productive margin of the producers, thus reducing poverty in the productive systems intervened, and will favor their adaptation to the predicted climate change scenarios.