About the Household Energy Hub

The CCAC’s seven Hubs address agriculture, cooling, fossil fuel, heavy-duty vehicles, household energy, waste and national planning. Through these Hubs, the CCAC aims to advance action on SLCPs mitigation in key sectors. For more information about the Hubs, visit the About the Hubs page.

The Household Energy Hub brings together governments, inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations along with private sector leaders to scale up and accelerate the reduction of short-lived climate pollutant emissions from these sources globally, alongside long-lived greenhouse gases, to mitigate climate change, improve livelihoods, empower women, and protect the environment and human health.

Reducing SLCP emissions from household energy

Globally, 2.6 billion people use solid fuel and kerosene to cook, light and heat their homes, emitting black carbon, methane, and other air pollutants. Indoor air pollution causes 4 million premature deaths annually, and a significant amount of non-communicable diseases including stroke, heart disease, lung cancer and chronic respiratory diseases.

The sector emits over 50% of global anthropogenic black carbon emissions and is a source of methane, primarily from charcoal production. Carbon monoxide emissions from household energy also increases the lifetime of methane in the atmosphere, leading to increased concentrations. The collection of fuel wood and charcoal production accelerates forest degradation, biodiversity loss, and land use change.

Women and children are disproportionately impacted by the household air quality as they spend more time close to polluting stoves and are at greater risk of kerosene cooking and lighting explosions. In rural areas, women and girls collecting fuel are at high risk of physical injury from carrying heavy fuel wood and gender-based violence. In both rural and urban areas women and children may be impacted by the loss of economic productivity and educational opportunities from time spent gathering fuel, and from the subsequent health problems from indoor air pollution.


The Household Energy Hub is co-led by Ghana and United States. Co-leadership by countries ensures government engagement and ownership of the solutions. Co-leads provide valuable insights into the policy process to help ensure implementation is practical from a national perspective.

The Household Energy Leadership Group consists of both state and non-state members that provide guidance and expertise, and connect the Hub to activities underway beyond the CCAC.

  • States: Bangladesh, Ghana, Mexico, Nigeria, Poland, Togo
  • Non-States:  Berkeley Air Monitoring Group, CREEC, CCA, CSIR, Daasgift Quality Foundation, Eco-Entrepreneurs, GHACCO, Institute for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Solutions, International Growth Centre, KNUST Technology Consultancy Centre, Nexleaf Analytics, SEforALL, SNV, SEI, UNDP, UNEP, UNICEF, World Bank, WHO


By 2030, all CCAC State Partners have included household energy in their integrated air quality, climate, and health planning, and substantially increase sustained use of clean/modern fuels and technology, e.g. electricity, solar, ethanol, etc.

By 2025, all CCAC State Partners will have taken steps to achieve the following milestones:

  • Developed, prioritized and endorsed strategies or plans for household energy consistent with their NDCs and related commitments to support global climate goals and national air quality standards
  • Designed and implemented programs to increase awareness on harmful impacts from dirty household energy use, and the benefits of using clean and sustainable energy solutions
  • Institutionalized monitoring and reporting systems to track progress
  • Increased engagement from the private sector to scale new technology
  • Increased financing from domestic resources and climate finance to implement emissions reductions.

Action to achieve these goals

  • Support countries based on national requests to realize the full potential of black carbon and methane emission reductions from the household energy sector as part of their NDCs and other related national and sub-national climate change and air pollution mitigation efforts, including by identifying financing

  • Support key organizations to ensure SLCP emissions reductions from the household energy sector is well-integrated into their broader efforts to support national action

  • Improve scientific communication to quantify the multiple benefits of black carbon emissions reductions and quantify methane emissions from the household energy sector, including the broader benefits from reduced deforestation for CO2 emissions and biodiversity, within the context of sustainable development

  • Increase awareness of the multiple benefits at the local and national level by developing communication materials for local policy makers and health professionals, and by increasing political support for financing at key international events, such as UN Day of Clean Air for blue skies, UNFCCC Regional Climate Weeks and COP, and other key milestone events


Location of activities

  • Global
  • Africa
    • Congo (Kinshasa)
      • Kinshasa
    • Eswatini
    • Ghana
    • Kenya
    • Nigeria
      • Mararaba-Burum village, Abuja
    • Togo
      • Lomé
    • Uganda
      • Kampala
  • Asia and the Pacific
    • India
    • Mongolia
  • Europe
    • Poland
  • Latin America and the Caribbean
    • Guatemala
    • Uruguay

Description of activities

Achievements to date

Since 2013, our Household Energy Initiative has funded a range of activities to support the scale up of black carbon mitigation in the household energy sector. These activities have focused on improving measurements and standards, providing guidance to countries for national labelling programs and helping innovative pilot programs to scale up results-based financing. Our key achievements include: 

Measurements, standards and labelling 

Demonstrating clean fuels and technologies 


National action

  • Catalyzed USD 13.7 million in funding
  • Household energy measures included in 19 CCAC Partners' NDCs


Sandra Cavalieri,
Programme Manager
secretariat [at] ccacoalition.org

Pollutants addressed

Partners & Actors

Lead Partner: A Coalition partner with an active role in coordinating, monitoring and guiding the work of an initiative.

Implementer: A Coalition partner or actor receiving Coalition funds to implement an activity or initiative.

Partners (15)


2022 | Awareness Materials
Sustainable Transitions: Energy, Environment and Resilience Centre (STEER Centre)

Energy drives all human activities in all sectors worldwide. As of 2018, the household sector was the third-largest energy consumer after industry and transportation sectors globally. The...

2020 | Reports, Case Studies & Assessments
, Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), Modern Energy Cooking Services (MECS)

How we guide progress toward achieving access to modern-energy cooking solutions for all is more critical than ever before. To date, measurements of access have focused primarily on fuel...

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