The government of Ghana is developing a national performance standards and labeling program for improved cookstoves based on their existing appliance S&L program
Cookstoves are used by almost all households in Ghana, including rural communities, though many of these users may not be familiar with energy efficiency labels and how to read them. Any potential lack of familiarity or misunderstanding of labels by consumers could present a risk to a standards and labeling program and broader clean cooking initiatives. Cookstove labels need to be easy to interpret and convey simultaneously two primary product performance measures: emissions, which convey overall health and environmental impacts, and efficiency, which conveys fuel savings and economic impacts.
In Ghana and around the world, the market for improved cookstoves and alternative fuels is nascent. Many national and international initiatives are already underway to make better cookstoves and alternative fuels available to Ghanaians, including private manufacturer initiatives through profit-based business models, non-governmental initiatives, and ongoing government initiatives. Most of these programs focus on the charcoal stoves used by approximately 32% of households. In urban areas, liquid petroleum gas (LPG) has significant market penetration as a cooking fuel, with about 22% of households – or about 36% of the urban population – using LPG as their primary cooking fuel.