The full implementation of this strategy would reduce black carbon emissions by 51% in 2030, exceeding Mexico’s NDC target. Methane emission reduction would reduce total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 9% in Mexico by 2030, substantially contributing to the goal to reduce total GHG emissions by 22% in 2030.
“Our National SLCP Strategy integrates both air quality and climate goals. Its implementation will improve air quality with multiple benefits for human and ecosystem health in Mexico and at the same time these actions will contribute to the international goal to limit global temperature increases to 1.5°C.” said Dr María Amparo Martínez Arroyo, Director General of the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC) at the launch.
The major source sectors for black carbon in Mexico include transport, residential cooking, and sugar mills. The main sources of methane are livestock and waste. Actions to reduce emissions from these sectors include increasing the number of electric vehicles, and journeys taken on public transport; cooking using cleaner fuels and technologies to reduce indoor and outdoor air pollution; and controlling particulate pollution from sugar mills.
“Mexico’s National SLCP Strategy continues the progress already made in improving air pollution in Mexico,” said Dr Luis Gerardo Ruiz Suarez, Coordinator of Pollution and Environmental Health Quality at INECC. “In addition to reducing SLCPs, the Strategy would also reduce emissions of a range of other air pollutants, increasing the benefits for human health from its implementation.”
The development of the National SLCP strategy was a collaborative process involving a wide range of government and non-government stakeholders.
“Engaging stakeholders from across Government, and other groups, during the development of the Strategy was essential to define realistic targets.” Dr Arroyo said. “Their continued engagement will be even more important as we move to effectively implement the Strategy.”
Helena Molin Valdés, Head of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition Secretariat, welcomed the new strategy saying:
“Mexico has always been a global leader in mitigating short-lived climate pollutants, especially black carbon and methane. First, by including a specific target to reduce black carbon in their climate change commitment, and now with the launch of a National SLCP Strategy that provides a clear roadmap for how these targets can be achieved. Importantly, Mexico’s SLCP strategy highlights the substantial contribution that methane reductions can make to achieving overall greenhouse gas emission reduction targets and all countries should consider similar actions to increase their climate change mitigation ambition.”
Mexico is one of 12 countries that is developing National SLCP Action Plans as part of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition’s Supporting National Action & Planning (SNAP) Initiative. The planning process in each country identifies the most effective actions that can be taken to simultaneously reduce air pollution and mitigation climate change.