Phase I – National SLCP Planning – Ongoing
In 2017, Costa Rica expressed interest in receiving support for the development of a black carbon emission inventory and to undertake an analysis of the emission reduction potential of relevant mitigation measures. This support was provided through the Coalition's Solution Centre, resulting in the report Short-Lived Climate Pollutants in Costa Rica: A Mitigation Measures Study, published in 2018.
The Ministry of Environment and Energy requested support from the SNAP initiative for a second phase of this project to develop national planning capacity for SLCP mitigation, communicate the results of the study, and foster political engagement to take action. Costa Rica already has an ambitious climate change strategy, with their decarbonisation plan outlining a vision for net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. The aim of the SNAP initiative project was to identify how these ambitious decarbonisation goals could be achieved by maximising the benefits through SLCP and air pollution reductions.
The SNAP Initiative recruited a national policy expert and a technical expert to undertake activities at the national level and work closely with the Ministry of Environment and Energy as well as the National Meteorology Institute (IMN). Following the establishment of this national team, a workshop was held in San José by the SNAP Initiative and SEI to build technical mitigation analysis capacity, to identify priority mitigation sectors including transport and waste, and to assess the policy and institutional context in Costa Rica.
A roadmap was developed in collaboration with relevant government and sectoral stakeholders. The following activities are were identified:
- Setting up national planning processes including the architecture for a National Plan to Reduce SLCPs and engaging relevant stakeholders to develop work
- Raising awareness of SLCPs through the development of a communication strategy and materials
- Assessing SLCPS in the national context including a baseline SLCP assessment, main emission sources, a stocktaking of institutional, legal frameworks, and current initiatives related to SLCP strategies
- Identifying opportunities to reduce SLCPs and estimate benefits of emission reductions including an assessment of co-benefits to implementing mitigation measures
- Developing a national plan with priorities for SLCP abatement including identifying implementation pathways, collecting feedback from relevant stakeholders on plans and priorities for mitigation
- Mainstreaming the SLCP planning process in national processes and structures, embedding SLCPs into ministerial or sectoral plans