The next milestone was achieved at the CCAC’s 8th High Level Assembly in November 2016. Thirty-eight Coalition countries, recognizing the deleterious effects of air pollution on their citizens, signed the Marrakech Communique, which commits countries to reduce black carbon emissions through cleaner diesel fuels and vehicles. Action includes developing national implementation plans that outline timelines for the nationwide introduction of such standards, developing and refining black carbon inventories and projections beginning with strengthening capacities and efforts to do so, and to share information on existing or planned black carbon mitigation actions with the Coalition.
Shifting gears to Southern and Western Africa, the CCAC developed a roadmap for the adoption of clean fuel and vehicle standards for the regions in 2017. Since both regions had signed a regional framework agreement with the goal of adopting a maximum sulfur content of 50 ppm in diesel, the work was intended to inform the development of regional and national roadmaps for the adoption and implementation of harmonized clean fuels and vehicle standards. In 2019, through the support of the CCAC, 13 Southern African countries agreed on a roadmap to cleaner fuels: <50 ppm for importing countries by the end of 2022, <50 ppm for refining countries by the end of 2025; and 10 ppm for all countries by 2030.
The most recent accomplishment of the CCAC’s Global Sulfur Strategy came in February 2020. In a major step to reduce air pollution and climate emissions in the region, the environment and energy ministers of all the 15 countries of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) adopted a comprehensive set of regulations for introducing cleaner fuels and vehicles in the region. Specific regulations include a sulfur fuel standard of 50 ppm in petrol and diesel for all imported fuels from January 2021, mandatory compliance to a minimum of EURO IV vehicle emission standards for all vehicles, and a plan to improve the fuel efficiency of imported vehicles.
Achieving cleaner fuels and vehicles globally
Continuous and active engagement with partners has led to many landmark achievements across Africa. Through CCAC support, governments from across the continent are moving towards low sulfur fuels and cleaner vehicles, with harmonized standards in Western, Eastern, and Southern Africa. The ultimate goal of the CCAC’s Global Sulfur Strategy is for all countries to reach low sulfur fuels (50 ppm) by 2025 and most countries to reach 10 ppm fuels by 2030. With only 40 countries with ultra-low sulfur diesel standards, the Coalitions aims to expand implementation of the Global Strategy in countries and cities around the world.