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This briefing aims to develop an in-depth understanding of China’s road freight system and evaluate the potential benefits of promoting green freight programs in China. In addition, the assessment is intended to serve as a reference for government agencies developing policies to promote transport efficiency, reduce energy consumption, and mitigate the environmental impacts from freight trucks. Key findings in this assessment are:
A cleaner and more efficient freight system should rely on strategies to optimize freight activity, shift freight to the cleanest and most energy efficient modes, and improve the environmental and energy performance of vehicles and fuels. To encourage system efficiency, policies should be implemented to promote the further adoption of “drop and hook” operations, such as the development of electronic freight matching platforms to link shippers, truck brokers, and carriers. China should also develop a long-range logistics plan to evaluate future trade flows and identify high-density freight corridors where rail investments are needed. Finally, regulations such as more stringent fuel efficiency standards can drive the introduction of the most cost-effective truck technologies for the new fleet, while a well-implemented green freight program such as the China Green Freight Initiative, can encourage the introduction of aftermarket technologies.
The ICCT contracted the China Automotive Technology and Research Center (CATARC) to conduct the full report upon which this briefing is based.
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