Hazy knowledge of the status of fuel quality and incoming vehicle technology had been holding back the government’s policy development, preventing a clear definition of current conditions. However, assistance from the Coalition set it on track, accelerating the adoption of the new law through a series of data collection and training initiatives that clarified the status quo.
“The Coalition and UN Environment played a really big role as catalyst in the speedy achievement of results,” comments Stela Drucioc, drawing attention to the development of the Fuel Economy Database on newly registered vehicles. The adoption of fuel quality standards, assessment of Moldova’s incoming fleet, and survey of current fuel quality was supported by the Coalition’s Heavy-Duty Vehicles Initiative in partnership with UN Environment and the Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI).
Since the database completion in 2018, the Moldova Ministry of Environment now has a baseline for auto fuel consumption and CO2 emissions from its incoming fleet. Using data on vehicle imports since 2005, investigators identified the fuel consumption and emissions in the sector.
“Developing a more complete picture of the fuel quality and vehicle emissions situation in Moldova is key for planning future policy and projecting both CO2 and non-CO2 emissions reductions. Moldova’s steps in adopting cleaner, more efficient vehicles will allow consumers to choose and access the best technology available on the market – including electric vehicles”, explains Elisa Dumitrescu, Programme Advisor at UN Environment, which supported the project.
Under the Coalition’s Supporting National Action and Planning (SNAP) Initiative, which helps countries scale up action on short-lived climate pollutants in a coordinated and prioritised way, experts also helped build capacity in several tools and techniques. This includes sector inventories, monitoring and reporting on air pollution, including black carbon. This is required of Moldova under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP), which covers emissions from elements such as sulfur, and compounds such as nitrogen oxides, amounting to around 26 air pollutants.