- Solution centre
- News & Media
This open-source research paper investigates emissions of gases and particles from the combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels in Africa, that are expected to increase significantly in the near future due to the rapid growth of African cities and megacities. It provides a quantification of the evolution of African combustion emissions from 2005 to 2030, using a bottom-up method. This inventory predicts very large increases in black carbon, organic carbon, CO, NOx, SO2 and non-methane hydrocarbon emissions if no emission regulations are implemented. This paper discusses the effectiveness of scenarios involving certain fuels, specific to Africa in each activity sector and each region (western, eastern, northern and southern Africa), to reduce the emissions.