This document developped with the support of the SNAP initiative of the CCAC (Supporting National Action and Planning on Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs) introduces the issue and...
Phase I – Institutional Strengthening – Complete
In 2013, Mexico played a key role in establishing and participating in the first phase of the SNAP Initiative of the CCAC to initiate a national planning exercise on SLCP mitigation. To begin this process, institutional capacity was created within the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC) to coordinate SLCP activities across all relevant sectors, Ministries, agencies, and research institutions. Following the establishment of this national team, an extensive multi-sectoral consultative process took place to identify primary sources of SLCP emissions as well as data and information gaps. A national SLCP inventory was then created from existing emission inventories, and Mexico’s Special Programme on Climate Change was launched in 2014 to develop SLCP reduction targets in key black carbon-emitting sectors along with mitigation measures. This process was supported by INECC, the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), the CCAC Secretariat and UNEP, and additionally contributed to the first inclusion of black carbon emission reduction targets in an INDC as published by Mexico in 2015.
Phase II – National SLCP Planning – Complete
With this structure in place, INECC then conducted extensive consultations including several workshops that brought together stakeholders to develop mitigation implementation pathways, corresponding indicators, and responsible institutions. Once completed, this process resulted in the Integrated SLCP Strategy to Improve Air Quality and Reduce the Impact of Climate Change launched in December of 2019. This national strategy on SLCPs identifies the ways in which targets can be achieved through the implementation of 9 mitigation measures in 8 key source sectors including transport, sugar mills, brick kilns, livestock, air conditioning, solid waste, and residential energy.
The SNAP project also supported climate change reporting efforts, working to include SLCPs in the 6th National Communication and 2nd Biennial Update Report. These efforts resulted in a chapter within the document specifically on SLCPs and outlining their importance to achieving climate change mitigation targets. The document established effective SLCP management as a prerequisite for climate change mitigation projects in Mexico.
Phase III – Support for the Implementation of the SLCP Strategy – Ongoing
The overall coordination of the plan is now being pursued by INECC along with the CCAC Secretariat, and SEI, with sectors leading the implementation of specific activities. The SNAP initiative continues to provide support to Mexico for further integration of SLCPs into climate change planning processes, and to support the implementation of priority mitigation measures within sectors. Full implementation of the strategy would reduce black carbon emissions by 53% in 2030, exceeding the target identified in Mexico’s INDC. It would also reduce total GHG emissions by 9% primarily through methane emission reduction, in turn contributing substantially to international commitments to reduce total GHG emissions by 22% in 2030. To date, Mexico has begun implementing specific measures focused on SLCP abatement, working to introduce new bus standards, reduce cookstove and brick kiln emissions, and improving waste management practices in coastal wetland communities. The following objectives are being pursued:
- Integrate SLCP mitigation in Climate Change Planning, and Reporting in Mexico
- Integrate GHG and air pollutant emission inventory processes
- Review and revise National SLCP Strategy to reflect new national context
- Taking forward priority actions in key SLCP source sectors to implement National SLCP Strategy
- Development of effective monitoring and reporting framework and tools for National SLCP Strategy and integrated air pollution and climate change planning