En el contexto del Acuerdo de París, Chile ha revisado su Contribución Nacionalmente Determinada (NDC, por sus siglas en inglés). Bajo ese marco, el (CR)2, apoyó a la Oficina de Cambio...
Phase I – Institutional Strengthening – Complete
Chile became a partner of the SNAP initiative in May of 2015 after expressing interest to receive institutional strengthening support along with 13 other selected countries. As a result, a Cooperation Agreement was signed between the Center for Climate and Resilience Research (CR2) of the University of Chile and the CCAC Secretariat. The objective of this support was to enhance the ability of government institutions to coordinate and scale up SLCP mitigation activities at the national level, embed SLCPs into relevant national planning processes, and sustainably increase dedicated financial resources.
Over a two-year period, technical workshops organised in collaboration with the SNAP Initiative and the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) helped to identify the co-benefits of mitigating SLCPs, develop SLCP emission analysis capacity, and to determine relevant priority actions. As a result, an initial SLCP emission analysis evaluating residential and electromobility strategies in Chile was developed.
Phase II – National SLCP Planning – Complete
The institutional strengthening activities were complemented by further national planning support from the SNAP Initiative starting in 2017. The objective of this phase of the SNAP project was to identify the ways in which black carbon mitigation could be included in Chile’s revised NDC. This task was entrusted to a technical team of the CR2 unit at the University of Chile, which conducted an analysis of the mitigation measures in Chile’s first NDC and produced in May of 2019 a series of recommendations for the NDC revision. Following several consultations, in 2020 a second report entitled “Black carbon mitigation in Chile's updated Nationally Determined Contribution” was published. It proposed and justified a quantified black carbon (BC) reduction target, integrable and consistent with the greenhouse gas reduction target. As a result of these efforts, Chile’s revised NDC includes a target to reduce black carbon emissions by 25% by 2030 compared to 2016 levels.
Phase III – Inclusion of black carbon in long-term climate planning – Ongoing
Chile has submitted a request under the CCAC Action Programme for assistance to include black carbon in their long-term low emission development strategy that will define how their NDC goals will be achieved. A consultant is in place to support the Ministry in updating the black carbon inventory for the time series 1990-2018 and making black carbon emission quantification part of the greenhouse gas emission inventory system. The consultant will also be part of the team developing Chile’s long-term climate strategy and will contribute to the process by including black carbon mitigation and air quality benefits in this long-term vision. Another objective of this work is to strengthen the collaboration between the Climate Change and the Air Quality teams within the Ministry of Environment.