This study evaluates the potential for improving milk production while reducing enteric methane emission intensity from dairy cattle production in Ethiopia. The overall objective of this study is...
In 2011, the Ethiopian Government started a bold policy process to accelerate the attainment of middle-income status by 2025, while adopting green growth pathways that foster development and sustainability. The Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) was created to protect the country from climate change by identifying environmentally sustainable economic opportunities to accelerate the country’s development.
In its CRGE strategy, the country recognized that pursuing a conventional development path would result in adverse effects like a sharp increase in greenhouse gas emissions and unsustainable use of natural resources. To avoid these negative effects, and encourage development while reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the green growth pathway plans to limit national greenhouse gas emissions to 150 megatonnes CO2 eq instead of 400 megatonnes CO2 eq. in 2030 under a business as usual (BAU) scenario. A key pillar of this strategy is to improve livestock productivity to ensure food security and improve farmers’ livelihoods while reducing emissions. The dairy sector was identified as a priority sector for the Government, which aims to increase Ethiopian milk production.
At national level, the emission intensity of milk produced from dairy cattle is on average 24.5 Kg CO2 eq./kg of fat and protein corrected milk (FPCM). Emission intensity were on average 44.6, 18.9, 8.7 and 3.8 kg CO2 eq./kg FPCM for mixed crop-livestock, pastoral and agro-pastoral, small-scale commercial, and medium-scale commercial systems, respectively.
The strong correlation between greenhouse gas emissions and milk productivity points to an opportunity for food and nutrition security needs and reducing methane emissions.