Scientific Publications

Impacts of biomass-burning on aerosol properties of a severe haze event over Shanghai


Abstract - Anthropogenic aerosols have significant impacts on the environment and human health in the Yangtze River Delta region, one of the most densely populated regions in the world. A biomass-burning plume swept across this area (Shanghai) in May 2009, leading to changes in the physical and optical properties of aerosols, which were investigated using ground-based remote sensing and in situ measurements via comparisons with dust pollution and background conditions. Experiments show that the biomass-burning plume led to an increase in the average aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 500 nm from 0.73 to 1.00 (37% higher), an absorption Angstrom exponent (AAE) of 1.48, and an increase in the Angstrom exponent (α) up to 1.53. Furthermore, local dust aerosols derived from road dust and/or construction dust also led to higher values of AOD (2.68) and AAE (2.16), and a daily average value of α of 1.05. For the biomass-burning plume, the aerosol particles exhibited significant variations in short-wavelength spectra. The single scattering albedo at 670 nm decreased remarkably under the influence of the biomass-burning plume, indicating the significant absorptive ability of the biomass-burning pollution and higher ratio of absorption aerosols within the plume. Under the effects of the biomass-burning, the volume concentration of fine-mode aerosols increased significantly and the PM-fine/PM-coarse volume concentration ratio reached 12.33. This relatively large change in fine-mode particles indicates that biomass-burning has a greater impact on fine-mode aerosols than on coarse-mode aerosols.
He, Q., X. Zhao, J. Lu, G. Zhou, H. Yang, W. Gao, W. Yu, & T. Cheng (2015) Impacts of biomass-burning on aerosol properties of a severe haze event over Shanghai, PARTICUOLOGY (In Press).

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