SNAP Factsheet for Nigeria
Phase I: Completed
In June of 2015, a cooperation agreement was signed between the Federal Ministry of Environment of Nigeria and the CCAC to advance SLCP emission reduction efforts, after which a National SLCP Coordination Office was created within the ministry. Following the establishment of this national team, an extensive multi-sectoral consultative process took place between 2016 and 2018, which identified primary sources of SLCP emissions in a range of priority sectors including transportation, agriculture, household cooking and lighting, agriculture, industry, waste, and oil & gas. This process was supported by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), the International Union of Air Pollution Association (IUAPPA), the CCAC Secretariat and UNEP Africa Office.
As a result of this process, the National Action Plan (NAP) to Reduce SLCPs in Nigeria was approved in May 2019 by the National Council of Ministers. Nigeria’s National Action Plan aims to advance multi-sectoral SLCP mitigation efforts at a national level, as well as implement sufficient SLCP monitoring and evaluation processes. The full implementation of the 22 priority measures identified would result in an 83% reduction in black carbon emissions by 2030 compared to a business-as-usual scenario and reduce national methane emissions by 61%. The simultaneous reduction of other air pollutants including nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, as well as carbon dioxide means that these measures could result is an overall reduction in air pollution exposure of 22% by 2030. This would also have meaningful implications on public health, with an estimated 7000 fewer premature deaths from air pollution by 2030.
The overall implementation of the plan is now being pursued by the Ministries of Environment, Budget and National Planning, and the Office of the Secretary to the Government of the Federation. The SNAP initiative continues to provide support to the Department of Climate Change for the coordination and the implementation of the activities in the plan. To date, Nigeria has implemented mitigation strategies by creating programmes to replace traditional brick kilns with new clean-burning units, worked with the Ministry of Agriculture to improve the manipulation of livestock manure, and focused on using cleaner fuels and less sulphur within the transport sector.
Phase II: Ongoing
Following the endorsement of the plan, a workplan was established between the Federal Ministry of Environment of Nigeria and the SNAP initiative in support of the coordination of the implementation of the National SLCP Plan. A consultant has been recruited for 15 months to support the Ministry and implement the following activities:
- Supporting the implementation of SLCP measures by sectorial MDAs through technical work sessions and the development of SLCP-related activity proposals
- Setting up effective coordination and monitoring structures for the National SLCP plan through various methods including the development of a monitoring, evaluation and reporting framework within the Climate Change Division of the Ministry of Environment and identifying training opportunities
- Mainstreaming SLCP considerations in relevant cross cutting plans and mechanisms in collaboration with the Ministry of Budget and National Planning
- Supporting the mobilisation of resources and technical assistance for the implementation of SLCP measures including identifying key issues in SLCP pollutant sectors and increasing capacity for stakeholder relations
- Increase capacity of the Climate Change Division for integrated air pollution and climate change analysis using LEAP-IC tool
- Support the identification of additional funding for activities within the National Action Plan in collaboration with relevant MDAs