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Norway partnered with the Climate and Clean Air Coalition in 2012 and since then has worked to promote action on climate and clean air to reduce the rate of global warming in the near term – and drastically reduce air pollution at the same time.
“It is not irrelevant how we reach the Paris temperature targets. To succeed in the long term, we need to choose a path that will slow the rate of global warming in the near term,” said former Minister of Climate and the Environment Ola Elvestuen. “By reducing both short-lived climate pollutants such as methane, black carbon and HFCs and long-lived gases like CO2, we increase our chance of success.”
In 2017, Norway passed the Climate Act to help the country transition to a low-emission society by 2050 and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent by 2030. Its work to reduce SLCPs has also been ambitious. Only modern, clean-burning wood stoves are sold, and in several municipalities public grants have helped to replace older wood burning stoves. Norway also has a tax and refund scheme to collect and safely destroy HFCs and a tax system encouraging the use of climate-friendly alternatives. It is illegal to dispose of organic waste in landfills, a law which both reduces methane emissions and helps create biogas to reduce diesel.
The capital city Oslo is also part of the CCAC’s BreatheLife campaign and just achieved the world’s highest concentration of electric cars. The government is also working on an action plan for making public transport fossil-free by 2025.
In a speech at the UN Climate Change Conference, COP25, in Madrid in 2019, Prime Minister Erna Solberg outlined the country’s work to electrify their car-parks and ferries and begin work on programmes for zero-emission transportation of goods saying that “green solutions are paving the way for new business opportunities and growth, as well as helping us to deal with climate threats.”
Enova SF is a state enterprise owned by the Ministry of Climate and Environment which has, since 2017, shifted more to climate-related activities that include fast-charging infrastructure for electric vehicles, zero and low-emissions ferries, and home heating efficiency.
Norway has already achieved its commitment under the revised Gothenburg Protocol of a 30 percent reduction in particulate matter (PM 2.5) emissions from 2005 levels, with PM2.5 reduced by about 34% in 2018 from 2005 levels.
Norway is close to the Arctic, making its black carbon emissions particularly crucial to mitigate given that a large portion lands on snow and glaciers and reduces their ability to reflect sunlight. In fact, the Arctic is warming twice as fast as the rest of the world, in no small part due to short-lived climate pollutants.
In 2017, the eight nation Arctic Council set a collective target to limit black carbon emissions between 25 and 33 percent below 2013 levels by 2025 to slow Arctic warming, a target recommended by the Council’s Expert Group on Black Carbon and Methane. Norway also took over the chairmanship of the Arctic Contaminant Action Programme (ACAP) in 2019 saying in a statement that “Local emissions of soot particles and other short-lived climate polluters from petroleum activity, shipping and industries are contributing actively to warming and rapid melting in the Arctic.”
Read below for more highlights of Norway’s work.
Oil and Gas
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