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农业生产历来是人类社会的重中之重。在我们几千年的历史中，农作物、纤维物以及其他生态产物的耕种与收获见证了数百亿人的生命足迹。 农业生产技术的发展逐步提高了人类文明所赖以生存的粮食安全保障，并在很大程度上推动了人类文明的繁荣与昌盛。然而，在农业生产的过程中所利用的土地和水资源，以及动植物本身都会释放大量包括甲烷在内的温室气体（GHG）以及其他短寿命气候污染物 （SLCP）。
The CCAC Agriculture Initiative is the first action-oriented global effort to reduce methane and black carbon emissions from key agricultural sectors by sharing and implementing best practices, in order to enhance food security and livelihoods in accordance with broader climate change objectives.
The Initiative focuses on identifying and facilitating the implementation of best management practices and technologies tailored to national and local circumstances. This includes needs assessments and studies, raising awareness, training & capacity building, and working with farmers, policymakers, and other stakeholders to overcome barriers to implementation.
The Livestock and Manure Management component aims to facilitate policy and local-level practice change through marginally improving production practices while keeping production levels constant.
The objective of the Open Agriculture Burning component is to replicate and scale up open burning mitigation options as a result of a) determining the nature of open burning (who burns what, when, where and why) in the target regions of the Eastern Himalayas and Andes and b) creation of regional open burning networks and partners by convening two regional conferences that will feed into project goals and outcomes through information sharing, and c) the development of shovel-ready pilot mitigation projects with specific actions targeted to each region and crop type.
The Paddy Rice Cultivation component seeks to reduce methane emissions from paddy rice production by promoting alternative cultivation practices and educating rice producers, as well as creating enabling conditions to overcome barriers for improved agricultural methods.
The Enteric Methane component aims to transform ruminant livestock production systems in order to reduce emissions of enteric methane per unit of product, and increase efficiency.
Our Agriculture Initiative started in 2013, with activities in four focus areas starting in 2014 (enteric, rice, manure, burning).
In 2019 work started to help countries enhance agricultural climate action in their NDCs. > Read about our recent Oct 2019 meeting here
In collaboration with the FAO, World Bank and Global Environment Facility, the initiative is supporting three large national livestock management programmes with more than $460 million in Uruguay, Ethiopia and Bangladesh. The programmes incorporate mitigation options for the livestock sector assessed by the initiative and have the potential to reduce approximately 4 million tonnes of methane per annum. > Read Uruguay's story
To make this case we funded work to show how low-cost strategies to reduce enteric methane emissions can contribute to short- and long-term social and economic development, as well as climate action. This uses the FAO's model "GLEAM."
Readily available practices in livestock feeding and manure management, and better use of technology like biogas generators, could help the sector cut the output of greenhouse gases by up to 30% immediately. So low carbon livestock is not only possible, it’s possible now.
- José Graziano da Silva, former FAO Director-General, at the CCAC 2017 High Level Assembly
With IRRI and UNEP, the initiative supports Bangladesh, Colombia, Thailand and Vietnam to encourage uptake of sustainable rice production methods, through policies, access to finance, and training of farmers.
Vietnam is taking decisive steps to achieve a low-carbon rice production as a part of our NDC.
- Chu Van Chuong, Deputy Director-General, Vietnam's Ministry of Agriculture, at the CCAC 2017 High Level Assembly
Our work in Vietnam, for example, is helping with MRV from paddy rice, with GEF support for implementation of the country's NDC -- plus baselines from the work will be used by the World Bank in their sustainable agricultural transformation project in the country.
In Bangladesh we have helped the government set a target to train 50,000 farmers on alternate wetting and drying methods in rice cultivation. > Read Bangaldesh's story
Our work also builds on important strategic partnerships with the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (GRA), and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
Lead Partner: A Coalition partner with an active role in coordinating, monitoring and guiding the work of an initiative.
Implementer: A Coalition partner or actor receiving Coalition funds to implement an activity or initiative.
Our Agriculture Initiative supports countries to identify increasingly ambitious actions, policies and targets across the food system. This infosheet outlines the Agriculture Initiative's...
The website, fao.org/in-action/enteric-methane/en/, provides information and findings from the FAO project working on beef production systems in South America and Dairy Production systems in...
This website serves as an information kiosk for greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation options in rice production systems. It covers rice management practices, data on biophysical and...
The Manure Knowledge Kiosk is a platform for knowledge exchange, outreach and capacity building on integrated manure management. The kiosk is supported by the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC...
Background resources for the 2020 CCAC Science Policy Dialogue. The briefing note includes key messages and analysis on global agriculture sector (1) emissions sources, trends and scenarios...
The CCAC's Scientific Advisory Panel hosted a virtual Science Policy Dialogue on Monday, 22 June 2020, under the theme "Catalyzing 2030 Mitigation Ambition – Methane."
This event brought...
Alternate wetting and drying (AWD) is a simple and inexpensive way of reducing water consumption in rice production by 30%, thus, enabling farmers to cut down on production cost without yield...
Climate change affects food production in many regions, including lost crops and dwindling employment opportunities. These impacts will likely become more severe by 2030 and beyond, placing global...
Farmers and the agro-forestry sector in many parts of the world use fire for a variety of purposes -- on cultivated fields to clear stubble, weeds and waste before sowing a new crop; to “renew”...
When: 18:30 to 20:...
Rice is a staple for half the world’s population, thus its impact on land and water use is immense. Standard production practices using continuous flooding (CF) are resource intensive and...