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This report quantifies, for the first time, the global health loss from injuries and air pollution that can be attributed to motorized road transport. It combines estimates of the global burden of road injuries based on a large pool of new data from the most information-poor regions with estimates of the health effects of pollution from vehicles. The results of this analysis show the following: Pollution from vehicles is the cause of 184,000 deaths globally, including 91,000 deaths from ischemic heart disease, 59,000 deaths from stroke, and 34,000 deaths from lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer.
World Bank & Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Transport for Health: The Global Burden of Disease From Motorized Road Transport (2014) (lead authors: Kavi Bhalla, Marc Shotten, Aaron Cohen, Michael Brauer, Saeid Shahraz, Richard Burnett, Katherine Leach-Kemon, Greg Freedman, Christopher J.L. Murray).