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According to a recent economic survey published by the Ministry of Finance in Nepal, biomass accounts for 74.5% of Nepal’s energy consumption– firewood (67.6%), cow dung (3.5%) and agricultural residue (3.3%). There are approximately 4 million households, according to the National Population and Housing Census 2011, where solid biomass is the primary fuel for cooking. Even where modern fuels like LPG are available, supply and affordability concerns mean that use of solid biomass continues to be prevalent even in homes with other alternatives. Thus finding clean and efficient ways to use solid biomass, is central to Nepal attaining universal access to clean cooking.
Developing Improved Solutions for Cooking (DISC), funded through ESMAP, has worked over the past years to assist the Government of Nepal (GoN) to develop an Investment Prospectus (IP), a roadmap document for universal access to clean cooking, which was duly adopted by the GoN in November 2016. After the IP, a major breakthrough in this course was promulgation of the Biomass Energy Strategy (BEST) 2017 by the GoN, which is now the main document guiding policy framework in this regard. The targets in BEST 2017 are very much in line with that of the IP. In April 2017, GoN requested World Bank assistance for soft funding to structure and implement a national program for universal clean cooking based on the IP. The time has come to meet the challenge of developing and implementing a program to reach universal clean cooking by 2030.
The BBL will focus on telling the Nepal story of DISC to date, and seek inputs on developing a successful clean cooking program. The presentations are meant to be interactive, and will describe Nepal’s own experience with DISC and clean cooking more broadly, while simultaneously seeking to learn from clean cooking initiatives developed elsewhere within the WBG.
Yabei Zhang, Senior Energy Specialist & Co-TTL, ESMAP ECCH Program, World Bank
Sandeep Kohli, Senior Energy Specialist, EEX GP, has over 25 years of experience in the energy sector, including working in the private sector, at IFC, and at the World Bank. During this period he has led large infrastructure project development, as well as built initiatives around distributed generation and renewables. His experience has been in diverse parts of the world including the Philippines, South Africa, India, Peru, Pakistan, Maldives, and Nepal. Over the last 3 years, he has worked with the DISC team, and the Government of Nepal to help develop and build consensus around Nepal’s roadmap and investment prospectus for clean cooking. His undergraduate degree is from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, and he has graduate degrees from Cornell University, the University of Pennsylvania, and Insitut Francias du Petrole’ (the French Petroleum Institute). He is also a Chartered Financial Analyst since 2006.