This report presents the findings of a Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) study to assess the feasibility of a household energy finance facility to provide affordable end-user finance for...
According to a 2016 UNICEF report on the impact of air pollution on children in Mongolia, Air pollution in Ulaanbaatar is caused by a combination of high emissions and the city’s unique geography and climate. The city, which lies in a valley surrounded by mountains, has grown rapidly, with an influx of people from rural areas looking for better opportunities for themselves and their families. They settle on the outskirts, often bringing their gers (traditional circular felted tents) covering the hills surrounding Ulaanbaatar.
Mongolian winters are bitterly cold, with winter temperatures in the capital falling to minus 40 degrees Celsius (-40°C). Increased urban migration and high demand for heating is putting increased stress on the ger areas’ electricity grid. As a consequence electric heaters are not an option for most households, and coal or wood are used for heating instead.
The government has put in place incentives to increase the uptake of electric heaters and solar technologies by reducing tariffs and import duties, but the cost of electric heaters and other alternative technologies is a barrier for many ger area households.