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Air pollutants has serious impacts for human health, agricultural productivity, buildings, ecology, and climate. In view of rapidly deteriorating air quality, India has taken a strong step forward by launching the National Clean Air Program (NCAP) for control of air pollution in India. The NCAP calls for:
The program aims to reduce particulate matter (PM) concentrations by 20-30% by 2024 (from 2017 levels). PM is composed several types of particles with varying physical and chemical properties. Black carbon (BC), which is an important component of PM2.5, is a short-lived climate pollutant (SLCP) -- as are methane, ozone and HFCs. The NCAP's strategies, can reduce overall PM concentrations and can also reduce emissions of BC, methane, and precursors of ozone. Reductions in SLCPs can lead to significant benefitsfor local and near-term climate change.
India has now joined the Climate & Clean Air Coalition (CCAC), and the NCAP strategies, through their SLCP reduction potential, can show up as additional contributions of India towards controlling global warming. The NCAP can become not only a tool to enhance competiveness of Indian cities to achieve air quality standards, but also an instrument for India to lead the world on SLCPs mitigation. There is a need to integrate efforts in order to showcase progress on both the fronts of air quality and climate change. This side-event will discuss India’s efforts for air pollution control and how this leads to a reduction of SLCPs and regional scale climate change. The event will invite representatives from India's Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change (GoI), CCAC, TERI, IIASA, and EPA to deliberate on integration of the efforts for controls on the two linked issues.
Key points of discussions will be: