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Abstract - In this work we provide an overview of short lived climate forcers (SLCFs) and carbon dioxide variability in the Karakorum, by presenting results deriving from a field campaign carried out at Askole (3015 m a.s.l., Pakistan Northern Areas), by Baltoro glacier. By using an innovative embedded and transportable system, continuous measurements of aerosol particle number concentration (Np, 1571 ± 2670 cm−3), surface ozone (O3, 31.7 ± 10.4 nmol/mol), carbon dioxide (CO2, 394.3 ± 6.9 μmol/mol) and meteorological parameters have been performed from August 20th to November 10th 2012. The domestic combustion from the Askole village emerged as a possible systematic source of contamination in the valley, with short-lasting pollution events probably related to domestic cooking activities characterized by high values of Np (6066 ± 5903 cm−3). By excluding these local contamination events, mountain thermal wind regime dominated the diurnal variability of Np, O3 and CO2. In comparison to night-time, we observed higher Np (+354 cm−3) and O3 (+7 nmol/mol) but lower CO2 (−8 μmol/mol) in air-masses coming from the lower valley during the central part of the day. Part of the day-to-day atmospheric composition variability can be also ascribed to synoptic circulation variability, as observed by using HYSPLIT 5-day back-trajectories.
Putero, D., P. Cristofanelli, P. Laj, A. Marinoni, P. Villani, A. Broquet, M. Alborghetti, U. Bonafè, F. Calzolari, R. Duchi, T.C. Landi, G.P. Verza, E. Vuillermoz, & P. Bonasoni (2014) New atmospheric composition observations in the Karakorum region: Influence of local emissions and large-scale circulation during a summer field campaign, ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT 97:75-82.