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Ukraine joined the CCAC in 2020 and highlighted a priority to address short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) in the agriculture, transport, cooling, waste, and energy sectors, including oil and gas and coal mining.
The new ambitions of Ukraine to tackle SLCPs tie well into the national efforts on climate change mitigation. The updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of July 2021 sets a target to achieve an economy-wide net domestic reduction of 65 % in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 as compared to 1990. Ukraine’s NDC represents a progression of the previously communicated INDC of GHG emission levels not exceeding 60% of 1990 emissions in 2030. The current NDC covers all greenhouse gasses outside the Montreal Protocol from the energy, industry, agriculture, land use and forestry, and waste sectors. The associated report on updating NDC of 2020 suggests amongst other actions to improve waste management and to reduce methane from agriculture to achieve low climate impact pathways. To achieve such sustainable economic growth, Ukraine considers mitigation strategies such as cutting methane and nitrogen oxide from fossil fuel production, agriculture, and waste. It also proposes to scale up energy-saving technologies in the agriculture sector. The associated policy documents - Decree 179/2021 approving the National Economic Strategy until 2030 from 2021 and Ukraine 2050 Low Emission Development Strategy from 2017 - strive to decouple future economic and social growth from further greenhouse gas emissions.
Ukraine’s objectives for the waste sector align well with the CCAC’s waste-related work. While Resolution 820-r on the approval of the National Waste Management Strategy for Ukraine until 2030 of 2017 addresses waste management challenges more generally, it also focuses on agricultural waste. Some of the targets that the strategy includes can simultaneously help to cut methane, for example, the use of agricultural waste biomass for energy generation or the use of vegetable waste for the production of animal feedstuffs. Ukraine’s agricultural policy generally aims to develop the sector efficiently and equitably while respecting environmental sustainability. The Concept of the State Target Program for the Development of the Agricultural Sector until 2022 (2019) proposes to enhance biodiversity with incentives for conservation and sustainable land use and to implement measures to combat land degradation and desertification.
Ukraine aims to develop its renewable energy sources and enhance energy efficiency. Both help to significantly cut greenhouse gases, including methane emissions. The 2008 Amendment to the Law 555 – IV on Alternative Energy Sources, amended by Law 601 – VI (2003) defines a set of measures, such as coal mine methane capture and use and converting organic waste to energy. Promoting cleaner household energy, the 2017 Law on Energy Efficiency Fund (2095-VIII) establishes an Energy Efficiency Fund to introduce incentives and support measures for energy efficiency improvements and savings in buildings. The Energy Strategy of Ukraine until 2035, approved by Resolution 605-r (2017) replies to the greenhouse gas emission reduction targets set in Ukraine’s first NDC under the Paris Agreement and sets an economy-wide target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 60% by 2030 against a 1990 baseline and a target to increase the share of renewables by 17% by 2030. Find out more about climate change policies in the Ukraine below.