Guidelines & Tools

Best Management Practices for Increasing Private Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Services


The  memorandum on the best management practices for increasing private participation in municipal solid waste services was developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency with support from SCS Engineers on behalf of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition Municipal Solid Waste Initiative.

The memorandum was sent to staff of the Greater Amman Municipality associated with waste management in the city.

The City of Amman (the City) is considering increasing private participation in its municipal solid waste services. The City would like to learn about the different best-management practices to increase the private sector’s participation in solid waste services. This memorandum provides a summary of the best management practices used worldwide to increase private sector participation in solid waste service and also ensure that the solid waste services privatization process is efficient, seamless, and beneficial to the locality. 

The best management practices presented in this memorandum are a compendium of published recommendations from the reference materials developed by the World Bank, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ)1, and the Swiss Centre for Development Cooperation in Technology and Management (SKAT). Appendix A supplies links to all referenced materials for downloading from the Internet.

This memorandum follows the format presented by the USAID’s Solid waste Management Privatization Procedural (SWMPP) Manual for preparing and implementing private-sector participation in solid waste services. USAID
prepared the manual for the use of governorates of Egypt; its methodology was followed in Cairo and Alexandria. Other reports that we reference discuss the process of private-sector participation in less detail.
Some of the referenced materials, such as those from USAID and SKAT, include valuable examples of forms and contracts. The GIZ report includes summaries of case studies detailing private sector participation in solid waste services in African, Asian and Latin American cities.

The body of this document is divided into four sections, as follows:
Section 1: Solid waste privatization
Section 2: Reasons for privatizing solid waste services
Section 3: Five basic modes of privatization
Section 4: Solid waste privatization process