The link to climate change mitigation heavily informed the development of Maldives National Action Plan on Air Pollutants. As a low-lying island nation, the Maldives is particularly vulnerable to climate change and associated increases in sea-levels and extreme weather events. Despite making a negligible contribution to global greenhouse gas emissions, the Maldives is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by up to 24% by 2030 compared to a business as usual scenario in their Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).
Of the 28 mitigation measures included in the National Action Plan on Air Pollutants, 22 are included in the Maldives’ NDC. The full implementation of the Maldives’ NDC would result in substantial air pollution emission reductions in the Maldives, including a 35% reduction in direct PM2.5 emissions, in addition to the 24% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Emission reduction measures include expanding solar electricity generation, energy efficiency improvements in air conditioners and refrigerators in resorts and households, and reducing the open burning of waste.
Six additional measures in the plan target major air pollution sources not considered in the Maldives’ climate change plans. These include revising and enforcing emission standards for road vehicles and the marine fleet, which is not currently covered by regulations. Full implementation of the plan will lead to a 60% reduction in direct PM2.5 emissions, 40% reduction in black carbon emissions, and 27% reduction in nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions by 2030 compared to a business as usual scenario.