Integrating SLCPs into Pakistan’s air quality and climate change plans


South Asia is one of the most susceptible regions to air pollution. In addition, indoor air pollution in the region is substantially higher than the rest of the world, with more than 60% population exposed to indoor air pollution. 

Overall air pollution in the region is resulting in changes to weather patterns including rainfall and heatwaves, with women and old people are significantly impacted by indoor and outdoor air pollution. Air pollution in Pakistan is attributed to around 128,000 premature deaths each year. 

One of the major sources for air pollution in Pakistan is widespread crop residue burning which releases around 1.9 million tonnes of CO2-equivalent emissions each year.

Under this project, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) will support Pakistan to identify short-lived climate pollutant (SLCP) mitigation actions that will maximise climate and clean air benefits. 

The project will strengthen the capacity of national partners through training on the use of the LEAP-IBC tool to develop an analysis and assisting with an evaluation of mitigation actions at the national and provincial scale.   


This project aims to: 

  • Strengthen the capacity of national partners through training on the use of Low Emissions Analysis Platform system including the LEAP-IBC tool.
  • Support national partners in the development of the Pakistan LEAP-IBC analysis.
  • Identify and evaluate those mitigation actions, at national and provincial scale, which are most effective at simultaneously improving air quality and mitigating climate change through the development of the LEAP-IBC analysis.
  • Develop a set of policy recommendations based on LEAP-IBC application to integrate SLCP mitigation measures into air quality and climate change plans and strategies and sectoral plans at the national and provincial levels.



To achieve these objectives the project will:

  • Develop a concept note to support inclusion of SLCPs in Pakistan’s Clean Air Plan. 
  • Train national and sub-national entities on the use of LEAP-IBC tool. 
  • Developed a national LEAP-IBC analysis, including the modelling of historical and future projections of emissions, impacts and benefits while jointly assessing greenhouse gases, SLCPs and other air pollutant emissions next to building mitigation scenarios, and understanding how emissions reductions benefit climate, health and crops. 

This work is being carried out by Clean Air Asia, the Stockholm Environment Institute, and Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC).