The Kingdom of Eswatini has been engaged in the reduction and elimination of short-lived climate pollutants, especially in industry. The country is a producer of refrigeration equipment, which has previously led to the emission of hydrofluorocarbons. In the past five years, the Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs has engaged in measures to reduce these short-lived greenhouse gases under the Montreal Protocol.

The country's rural population has previously been heavily reliant on biomass as a primary source of energy for cooking. The Ministry of Energy has increased the country's electricity coverage to about 75%, which has reduced reliance on biomass energy.

The Kingdom of Eswatini's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and National Climate Change Policy, and National Strategy and Action Plan provide a solid framework for the reduction of short-lived climate pollutants with a target to double the share of renewables in the country's renewable energy mix.


CCAC activities


The GHG mitigation assessment aims to evaluate the potential to reduce GHG emissions through the implementation of different policies and measures in Eswatini. This assessment aims to inform the...


Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs
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