Estimating livestock emissions in Vietnam

CCAC Funded
Implementing partners

The Coalition provided assistance to Vietnam's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) to survey methane mitigation options in livestock production and identify priority actions to include in their Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). In July 2020, livestock waste treatment through biogas systems was included in Vietnam's NDC update and approved by the Prime Minister.


The specific objectives included: 

  • Surveying and stocktaking short-lived climate pollutant and greenhouse gas mitigation options for livestock production in Vietnam. 
  • Strengthening the environmental and climate mitigation components, particularly by inclusion of short-lived climate pollutant mitigation measures, related to livestock production, in Vietnam's planned Animal Husbandry Law of the NDC. 


Agriculture is Vietnam's second largest source of emissions, contributing about 33% of total greenhouse gas emissions in 2010 (MONRE, 2014). Within the agriculture sector, livestock production related activities account for 32% of the total emissions from the agriculture sector, of which enteric fermentation, manure management, manure left on pasture and manure applied on the field accounted for 14%, 10%, 5% and 3% respectively.  

In Vietnam’s NDC, the country committed to reducing its overall greenhouse gas emissions by 8%. Within the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the intention was to reduce greenhouse gases by 20% while reducing poverty by 20% and increasing productivity by 20%. 

As a part of implementing the Prime Minister’s Decision No 2053/QD-TTG declaring Vietnam’s action plan to implement the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, the government included in the National Development Agenda of the 14th National Assembly of Vietnam (2016-2021) the intention to develop an Animal Husbandry Law, which the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) was charged with drafting.  

In 2018, the Coalition supported Vietnam, through the Institute for Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD), to formulate its planned Animal Husbandry Law of its NDC with the purpose of strengthening the environmental and climate change mitigation components, particularly by the inclusion of short-lived climate pollutant mitigation measures related to livestock production. 

Pollutants (SLCPs)