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Vietnam officially joined the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) in 2017 but its longstanding relationship with the CCAC and commitment to combatting short-lived climate pollutants, dates back to 2014.
In the intervening years, Vietnam has become a global leader in greening its agricultural sector, an important move given that agriculture is responsible for a third of the country’s greenhouse gas emissions. Livestock and rice production are the primary sources of emissions, which is why Vietnam is working with the CCAC’s Solution Centre to include agricultural emissions reductions into their Nationally Determined Contributions, or their commitment to mitigate climate change. They are also working with the CCAC’s Agriculture Initiative to apply alternative wetting and drying techniques to rice farming which has the potential to reduce emissions by a third.
Vietnam was one of the first nations to draw up an action plan to implement the Paris Agreement. The country is also a signatory to the Coalition’s “Bonn Communique” which sprung out of the Coalition’s High-Level Assembly (HLA), held on the margins of the United Nations Climate Change Conference of 2017, COP23 in Bonn. Vietnam and the other signatories voluntarily committed to short-lived climate pollutant reductions through livestock as a result of production and manure management, methane reductions from paddy rice, and alternatives to open burning through phased-in controls and incentives for farmers. This work sends a global message that mitigating emissions doesn’t have to inhibit food production, if done correctly, economic development and climate mitigation can go hand in hand.
In 2020, Vietnam introduced legislation to advance its greenhouse gas reduction goals as per the Paris Agreement. The legislation included a draft Law on Environmental Protection in addition to a lower-level decree from the Environment Ministry. This draft law included provision for waste management, a ban on chemicals that destroy the ozone, and management of surrounding environment quality for local air quality management planning.
Vietnam is also one of the country’s where the CCAC has carried out a hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) inventory, to help understand national consumption and how to best begin implementing the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. The CCAC also supported Vietnam in producing an analysis and evaluation of the country’s freight sector and the actions needed to build a green freight sector.
The CCAC further supported Vietnam in implementing its groundbreaking Animal Husbandry Law, which went into effect in January 2019 to help reduce methane emissions in the livestock sector as per the country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). With the help of CCAC’s Solutions Center, Vietnam's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development carried out a survey in every province in Vietnam to calculate the emissions of every part of livestock production and evaluate the mitigation potential of various interventions. As a result of this support, manure treatment and biogas were included as two of the top priority measures in their NDCs for reducing methane from livestock.
From food security to air pollution, SLCP mitigation has a variety of benefits. Like the CCAC’s work around the world, Vietnam is getting the data it needs to make smart, cost-effective mitigation choices that don’t just benefit the planet but improve the lives of every citizen.
Read below for more examples of Vietnam's work.
This report presents an analysis and evaluation of the current and prospective of freight sector in Viet Nam, focusing on heavy-duty trucks. It also proposes actions for the development of green...
The Prime Minister’s Decision No 2053/QD-TTG declaring Vietnam’s action plan to implement the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, where the government included alternate wetting and...
This "Handbook for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) in Rice Cultivation" was developed to support Vietnam to define the emission structure of the rice sector, and to identify the...