Six new transformative projects seek to upscale SLCP mitigation

by CCAC Secretariat - 22 March, 2024
From low warming potential refrigerants in electric vehicles to integrating informal workers in waste sector solutions, the CCAC’s 2023 transformative projects represent the next stages of ambitious action in their respective sectors.

The CCAC’s latest round of funding for transformative projects – a total of $4 million – was opened for innovative projects helping to advance SLCP mitigation actions.

From a total of 113 applications, six proposals were selected for implementation. This enormous demand reiterates the need for massively increased climate and clean air financing.  

Approved projects:

Remote-Sensing to Monitor Methane Emissions From Rice Paddies

The project submitted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) will investigate the potential of high-resolution remote sensing data to enhance monitoring and reporting of rice field methane emissions. This project will support rice-producing countries to design and implement technical mitigation strategies to cut methane emissions as a part of their efforts under the Global Methane Pledge and in meeting their Paris Agreement goals.  

Currently, methane emissions monitoring is mostly deployed at small scale through aerial and drone surveys, and ground sensors, but few methods capture the data necessary for specifically managing paddy rice systems.  

The project is intended to provide users with an accessible, operational platform for timely, high resolution methane monitoring and will incorporate technical expertise in remote sensing, climate change mitigation, agriculture, and irrigation. Enhanced remote-sensing approaches would also benefit a wide range of stakeholders in accessing carbon markets through improved verification of emissions reductions. 

Two projects were approved in the cooling sector, where progress continues as more and more countries ratify the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.  

Transforming Livelihoods and Mitigating Climate Change Through Off-Grid Solar Cold Rooms in Kenya 

The first is a project to be implemented by the Environmental Compliance Institute (ECI) which seeks to improve agricultural livelihoods and food security, with sustainable cooling technology in Siaya County, Kenya. The project will pilot a solar powered Phase Change Material -based cold room for use by farmers, fishermen/women and small-scale traders cooperative, while also supporting the growth of enterprises providing this technology through linkages to affordable green funds.  

Like many developing countries with high agricultural & fisheries potential, low incomes for smallholder farmers, fishermen/women and small-scale traders put them at huge risk of post-harvest losses without access to adequate storage facilities. Modern cold chain technology has the potential to significantly improve livelihoods in many countries, especially in Africa, by opening up new markets for farm & fisheries produce, reduce post-harvest losses & increase profits. However, due to its high cost and lack of access to reliable electricity, this technology is out of reach for most farming and fishing communities in Africa.  

Refrigerant Substitution Technology for Electric Vehicles

The second project represents a new phase of ambition in transport cooling by funding the United Nations Industrial Development Organization to work with vehicle manufacturers in China and India to replace high global-warming potential (GWP) hydrofluorocarbons with low-GWP alternatives. Working with automotive manufacturers targets the largest users of high GWP HFC-134a and opens up potential for HFC alternative use within and beyond China and India by sharing the research findings with other manufacturing countries.

The project will result in a systematic change of the mobile air conditioning sector and provide added incentives for accelerating the transition away from HFC-134a across the whole sector, traditional and EV, away from HFC-134a to R-744 or HC-290.  

Enabling Electric Buses for Public Transport in Colombo, Sri Lanka

As over 85% of the world is now transitioned to Euro V fuel standards the transport sector is beginning to look beyond enhancements to internal combustion engines toward zero-emissions vehicles. Accordingly, the CCAC is supporting the United Nations Development Programme to create an enabling environment for electric public buses in Colombo, Sri Lanka.  

In addition to Sri Lanka’s efforts to transition to low carbon green transport and meet its NDC commitments Sri Lanka is seeking to reduce dependency on imported fuel. This project seeks to create an enabling policy, regulatory and institutional enabling environment for electric bus public transport and design a financial incentive package to deploy five 30-35 seat electric buses in the Colombo Metropolitan region. 

Electric vehicles promise huge additional benefits in public health, agriculture, and climate change mitigation. Sri Lanka's total GHG emissions in 2019 were 38 million tonnes of CO2e, out of which transport sector emissions were estimated to comprise 10.5 million tonnes. In 2021, Colombo's PM2.5 concentration was five times the WHO norm, significantly worsening air pollution in the city and surrounds.  

Finally in the waste sector, the CCAC has approved funding for two projects using simple yet proven approaches to waste separation and treatment which support achieve methane mitigation.  

Upscaling Community-Based Waste Management Projects Through Project Co-Development With The Informal Sector 

The first project does this by better understanding and valuing the role of the informal sector in waste management. Implemented by a consortium of non-government organisations across Durban, South Africa, Valparaiso, Chile, and Bandung, Indonesia, the project will explore successful models of informal sector integration in organic waste management to demonstrate financial feasibility and support municipalities to implement and upscale such models. Pilot projects in those cities will deliver more than 11,000 tonnes of organic waste diversion from dumpsites, equivalent to 22,600 tonnes of carbon dioxide CO2 emissions. 

The current lack of financing for reducing emissions through organic waste diversion from dumpsites using informal workforces shows that there is a lack of understanding in how to set up and sustainably manage such projects. The informal sector, which includes an estimated 12–15 million people, is frequently overlooked and ignored when it comes to waste management systems. Waste pickers are often the most vulnerable groups in society and include women and children. This project will seek to establish sustainable and transferrable models for integrating the formal sector in valuable organic waste methane mitigation efforts.   

Biomass Utilisation by Insects for Green Solutions in Africa  

The second waste sector project will assist national governments and communities in Uganda, Ethiopia and Côte d’Ivoire to transform their organic waste into value-added products for improving food security and reducing emissions using Black Soldier Fly (BSF) technology.  

In Uganda, Ethiopia and Côte d’Ivoire, more than half of municipal waste is organic, mostly disposed in uncontrolled disposal sites, leading to significant climate-damaging methane and ozone emissions as well as black carbon formation, leading to serious environmental pollution and health risks. In addition, poultry, pig and fish are the fastest growing agricultural sectors, but the industry lacks affordable animal feed and affordable and sustainable non-fossil fuel options for fertiliser inputs. Processing organic waste using BSF technology reduces methane emissions by more than half of traditional composting and creates highly valuable outputs for both fertilisers and animal feed.

This project will advise government decision makers on the most important tenets of setting up BSF facilities, including:  

  • Separation of organic waste at household, industry, commerce and agricultural levels.
  • Developing strategies for implementing and incorporating BSF technology into existing governance structures.  
  • Treatment of separated biowaste using BSF technology for producing insect protein and organic fertiliser.  
  • Co-powering BSF facilities with renewable energy.  
  • Assisting communities to develop funding proposals to implement the BSF technology.  

    Click here to see the full portfolio of our projects.