About the Agriculture Hub

The Agriculture Hub brings together governments, inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations along with private sector leaders in the agriculture sector to share expertise and support countries in mitigating SLCPs from paddy rice cultivation, livestock and open burning of agriculture. The Agriculture Hub works closely with the National Planning Hub and the Waste Hub along with the Methane Roadmap Action Programme (M-RAP) to identify synergies and further opportunities for collaboration.

Reducing SLCP emissions from agriculture 

The CCAC focuses on the most locally appropriate and technically feasible measures to reduce SLCP emissions in the agricultural sector, with relatively low-cost financing and substantive policy support. The CCAC also aims to position the agricultural sector to make a significant contribution to midcentury net-zero climate mitigation and sequestration strategies by identifying cross linkages with other climate forces, like fertilizer use (N2O).

Existing measures to reduce methane emissions in the agricultural sector can achieve ~30 Mt/yr by 2030, and the CCAC focuses on measures to reduce emissions from paddy rice cultivation (6-9 Mt/yr), livestock emissions from enteric fermentation (4-42 Mt/yr), and behavioral changes (65-80 Mt/yr).

In addition, open burning in agriculture contributes more than a third of all black carbon emissions. The CCAC focus to eliminate unnecessary open burning is to raise awareness about proven crop residue management strategies and alternative uses of crop residues for the most frequently burned crops (maize, rice, wheat and sugar cane).


Top facts

The agriculture and forestry sectors* contribute around 24% of all global greenhouse gas emissions (*including land use change)
The agriculture sector is responsible for around 40% of global black carbon and anthropogenic methane emissions
Bold action to reduce short-lived climate pollutant emissions could avoid 52 million tonnes of staple crop losses annually by 2030


The Agriculture Hub is co-led by Costa Rica, United States, and Vietnam. Co-leadership by countries ensures government engagement and ownership of the solutions. Co-leads provide valuable insights into the policy process to help ensure implementation is practical from a national perspective.

The Agriculture Leadership Group consists of both state and non-state members that provide guidance and expertise, and connect the Hub to activities underway beyond the CCAC.

  • States: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Canada, European Commission, Germany, Ghana, Israel, Mexico, Nigeria
  • Non-States: CASAD Benin, CHRE, Eco-Entrepreneurs, FAO, Global Dairy Platform, Global Methane Initiative, Green Revolution Initiative, Institute of Environmental Biotechnology-Boku, IGSD, National University of Laos, Oxfam, SEI, Straw Innovations, UNEP, World Biogas Association, WMO, WRI


By 2030, all CCAC partners collectively ensure that agricultural SLCPs are fully considered in national climate policy and that many countries contribute to achieve the 20% -25% methane reduction goal.

By 2030, seek a national commitment with detailed implementation plans and buy-in at the subnational level by the top ten agricultural burning nations (Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Russian Federation, Tanzania, Thailand, US) to eliminate unnecessary agricultural burning.

Action to achieve these goals: 

  • Raise political awareness at the global, regional, and national level by issuing policy briefs, developing strategic communications, and convening high level dialogues.

  • At regional level, facilitate sharing of best practices and options for supportive policy frameworks for agricultural SLCP reductions that build on partner tools and resources.

  • Promote the highest impact investments for clean, sustainable agricultural practices.

  • Raise awareness among policy makers on the deleterious effect of air pollution on crop yields and productivity to stimulate air pollution controls and the uptake of improved agricultural practices.

  • Link policy makers with tools to calculate agricultural emissions, and costs and benefits of interventions.

  • Enhance existing modelling on livestock mitigation potential with locally appropriate outputs.

Related projects

Location of activities

  • Africa
    • Central African Republic
    • Eswatini
    • Ethiopia
    • Kenya
    • Nigeria
      • Abuja
      • Abuja, Nigeria
  • Asia and the Pacific
    • Bangladesh
    • Cambodia
      • Phnom Penh
    • China
    • India
    • Indonesia
    • Pakistan
    • Thailand
    • Vietnam
      • Hanoi
  • Latin America and the Caribbean
    • Colombia
    • Costa Rica
    • Panama
    • Peru
    • Uruguay

Description of activities

Workstream | Agriculture
Enteric fermentation is a natural part of the digestive process in ruminant animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, and buffalo. Microbes in the digestive tract, or rumen, decompose and ferment food,...
Ruminant production and enteric methane
Workstream | Agriculture
Poor manure management practices are common on much of the world’s farms, as farmers lack awareness about the value of livestock manure as a fertilizer and fuel. Manure is often disposed of in piles...
Manure management
Workstream | Agriculture
Paddy rice is a staple crop for much of the world’s population. It is also a key source of the greenhouse gas methane, responsible for about 40 million tonnes, or 10% of global emissions , each year...
Paddy rice production
Workstream | Agriculture
Farmers in many parts of the world set fire to cultivated fields to clear stubble, weeds and waste before sowing a new crop. While this practice may be fast and economical, it is highly unsustainable...
Open agricultural burning

Achievements to date

The CCAC has helped governments identify ambitious actions, policies and targets to cut short-lived climate pollutant emissions from enteric methane, rice, manure, and burning. Our work has laid the foundation for action by establishing locally appropriate, affordable and technically feasible measures. Our key achievements include:

National policy

  • At COP25 the CCAC, WRI and Oxfam launched the paper Enhancing NDCS: Opportunities in Agriculture.  It identifies actions that benefit adaptation and mitigation priorities in the agriculture sector and offers practical examples for how to include them in enhanced Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).  
  • 29 CCAC partners have included specific agriculture measures in their updated NDCs. 16 mention enteric fermentation, 15 manure management, 11 rice production, and 8 open burning.

Paddy rice

  • We funded research by the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) that Vietnam is using to design, finance and implement the low-carbon rice production technique - alternate wetting and drying (AWD) - as part of its NDC.  
  • With IRRI we promoted the AWD technique in Bangladesh. By early 2020, the multi-sectoral Focal Area Network (FAN) had worked with an estimated 13,000 farmers and cut of methane emissions equivalent to approximately 19,500 tons of carbon dioxide per year through the adoption of the AWD technique. Read Bangladesh's story 


  • With FAO, World Bank and Global Environment Facility, we supported three large national livestock management programs of more than $460 million in UruguayEthiopia and Bangladesh that can reduce approximately 4 million tons of methane each year. Read Uruguay's story 
  • Together with the FAO, we strengthened Kenya's capacity to develop the Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Dairy Cattle in Kenya 1995-2017, which applied IPCC Tier 2 methods for collecting data and calculating emissions.  
  • In Vietnam, we surveyed mitigation options for livestock production and identified using biogas systems for livestock waste treatment as a priority measure for Vietnam's updated NDC.  
  • 14 countries demonstrated the potential for reducing enteric methane to stimulate immediate investments.

  • 13 countries developed baseline and mitigation assessments for enteric fermentation in the dairy and livestock sector using the Global Livestock and Environmental Assessment Model (GLEAM). 

Open burning


  • Projects and support in 47 countries.
  • Leveraged $461,100,000 in co-funding for SLCP mitigation in agriculture

  • Helped 4 countries include mitigation from agriculture in their NDCs.  

  • Supported 18,672 person days of training and 41 institutional strengthening activities. 
  • Supported 283 technology and practice changes that led to SLCP reductions in the four focus areas.
  • Produced over 60 knowledge resources


Catalina Etcheverry,
Programme Manager
secretariat [at] ccacoalition.org
Sandra Cavalieri,
Programme Manager
secretariat [at] ccacoalition.org

Pollutants addressed

Who's involved

Lead Partner: A Coalition partner with an active role in coordinating, monitoring and guiding the work of an initiative.

Implementer: A Coalition partner or actor receiving Coalition funds to implement an activity or initiative.

Partners (29)



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